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Electronic identity management in e-Government 2.0: Exploring a system innovation exemplified by Austria

Electronic identity management in e-Government 2.0: Exploring a system innovation exemplified by... Web 2.0 in its various shades is being embraced in the domain of e-government; sophisticated transaction services are becoming mainstream interactions and creating new challenges, particularly regarding security and privacy. The emerging field of electronic identity management (e-IDM) addresses these issues, while governments are introducing e-IDM systems at national level to support service provision. This paper conceptualizes the transition to such a system in Austria as a "system innovation" and uses the approach of "actor-centered institutionalism" to analyze the innovation process and its outcome. It identifies major particularities of the Austrian system such as the technology-neutral approach using multiple tokens and an ID-model with special provisions for privacy protection, traces their origin in the interplay of institutional context and actor constellations and assesses the pattern of this transformation. The current system represents a niche innovation, indeed with a transformation pattern implying considerable change for public administration as well as for citizens. Still controversial privacy implications and insufficient user value, reflected in slow take-up, remain the challenges. The system innovation perspective proved particularly valuable in identifying demands for adaptation by revealing barriers in the transition process towards the e-IDMS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Information Polity IOS Press

Electronic identity management in e-Government 2.0: Exploring a system innovation exemplified by Austria

Information Polity , Volume 15 (1) – Jan 1, 2010

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Publisher
IOS Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by IOS Press, Inc
ISSN
1570-1255
eISSN
1875-8754
DOI
10.3233/IP-2010-0203
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Web 2.0 in its various shades is being embraced in the domain of e-government; sophisticated transaction services are becoming mainstream interactions and creating new challenges, particularly regarding security and privacy. The emerging field of electronic identity management (e-IDM) addresses these issues, while governments are introducing e-IDM systems at national level to support service provision. This paper conceptualizes the transition to such a system in Austria as a "system innovation" and uses the approach of "actor-centered institutionalism" to analyze the innovation process and its outcome. It identifies major particularities of the Austrian system such as the technology-neutral approach using multiple tokens and an ID-model with special provisions for privacy protection, traces their origin in the interplay of institutional context and actor constellations and assesses the pattern of this transformation. The current system represents a niche innovation, indeed with a transformation pattern implying considerable change for public administration as well as for citizens. Still controversial privacy implications and insufficient user value, reflected in slow take-up, remain the challenges. The system innovation perspective proved particularly valuable in identifying demands for adaptation by revealing barriers in the transition process towards the e-IDMS.

Journal

Information PolityIOS Press

Published: Jan 1, 2010

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