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Who are we Talking about? A Discussion of Peter Molenaar’s Interpretation of Gottlieb’s Legacy

Who are we Talking about? A Discussion of Peter Molenaar’s Interpretation of Gottlieb’s Legacy The concepts and paradigms “development”, “evolution”, and “developmental behavior genetics” target, in their statements, populations. The laws of genetics and evolution are supposed to apply to every single case in a population. It can be counted among the major contributions of Gottlieb (1992, 1995) to have pointed to the role played by individuals in such processes. There is more than population statistics when it comes to explaining evolution. In this commentary, we expand on the discussion of the role that individuals play in evolution (cf. Molenaar, 2015). We take the idiographic (Molenaar, 2004) and person-oriented (von Eye & Bergman, 2003; von Eye, Bergman, & Hsieh, 2015) perspectives. In other words, we ask [1] whether there is enough leeway for individuals to differ in more fundamental ways than can be expressed by differences in units of scales that apply to everybody, and [2] whether the person-oriented and idiographic approaches can contribute to the explanation of evolution.In Molenaars’ work (e.g., Molenaar, 2004, 2007, 2012, 2015; see also von Eye & Bergman, 2003), we find convincing arguments that standard application of statistics, that is, application of statistics to aggregated raw data, may not result in valid statements, for two reasons. First, and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Developmental Science iospress

Who are we Talking about? A Discussion of Peter Molenaar’s Interpretation of Gottlieb’s Legacy

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Publisher
IOS Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved
ISSN
2192-001X
DOI
10.3233/DEV-14160
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The concepts and paradigms “development”, “evolution”, and “developmental behavior genetics” target, in their statements, populations. The laws of genetics and evolution are supposed to apply to every single case in a population. It can be counted among the major contributions of Gottlieb (1992, 1995) to have pointed to the role played by individuals in such processes. There is more than population statistics when it comes to explaining evolution. In this commentary, we expand on the discussion of the role that individuals play in evolution (cf. Molenaar, 2015). We take the idiographic (Molenaar, 2004) and person-oriented (von Eye & Bergman, 2003; von Eye, Bergman, & Hsieh, 2015) perspectives. In other words, we ask [1] whether there is enough leeway for individuals to differ in more fundamental ways than can be expressed by differences in units of scales that apply to everybody, and [2] whether the person-oriented and idiographic approaches can contribute to the explanation of evolution.In Molenaars’ work (e.g., Molenaar, 2004, 2007, 2012, 2015; see also von Eye & Bergman, 2003), we find convincing arguments that standard application of statistics, that is, application of statistics to aggregated raw data, may not result in valid statements, for two reasons. First, and

Journal

International Journal of Developmental Scienceiospress

Published: May 15, 2015

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