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Dynamic amplification factors of girder and cables of extradosed bridges during sudden cable failure

Dynamic amplification factors of girder and cables of extradosed bridges during sudden cable failure The rupture of a cable in cable-supported bridges is an accidental condition that should be considered during the design phase due the impact that this situation could have on the structural safety of the bridge and users. For that reason, design guidelines suggest carrying out a pseudo-static analysis where the failing cable is replaced by a load of the same magnitude as the pre-rupture tension but applied in the opposite direction and multiplied by a dynamic amplification factor (DAF) between 1.5 and 2.0. Previous studies in cable-stayed bridges have shown that the pseudo-static approach may not be suitable. Due to the wide use of extradosed bridges in infrastructure projects around the world, a computational analysis was performed in this investigation to estimate the dynamic amplification factors of extradosed bridge girders and cables when sudden failure of an extradosed cable occurs. The main goal of the study is to determine whether the pseudo-static approach suggested in the guidelines is acceptable. Linear response history analyses were performed by using computational models of extradosed bridges in which the girder stiffness and the suspension (lateral or central) and cable layout (fan or harp) of the cables were modified. From the analysis, the DAFs were calculated and compared to those recommended in the design guidelines. The calculated DAFs for the axial forces and bending moment in the girder of the bridges and for the axial forces in the extradosed cables were smaller than 2.0. However, in some cases the DAF for shear forces were higher than 2.0, especially when the girder stiffness was relatively low. The results indicate that the recommendations of the design guidelines are adequate for extradosed bridges, which is a result of the relatively high stiffness of the girder and low inclination of extradosed cables. Despite this, response history analyses like the one performed in this study are recommended to assess the response of the bridge under cable breakage. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bridge Structures IOS Press

Dynamic amplification factors of girder and cables of extradosed bridges during sudden cable failure

Bridge Structures , Volume 17 (3-4): 10 – Dec 9, 2021

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Publisher
IOS Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 © 2021 – IOS Press. All rights reserved
ISSN
1573-2487
eISSN
1744-8999
DOI
10.3233/BRS-210189
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The rupture of a cable in cable-supported bridges is an accidental condition that should be considered during the design phase due the impact that this situation could have on the structural safety of the bridge and users. For that reason, design guidelines suggest carrying out a pseudo-static analysis where the failing cable is replaced by a load of the same magnitude as the pre-rupture tension but applied in the opposite direction and multiplied by a dynamic amplification factor (DAF) between 1.5 and 2.0. Previous studies in cable-stayed bridges have shown that the pseudo-static approach may not be suitable. Due to the wide use of extradosed bridges in infrastructure projects around the world, a computational analysis was performed in this investigation to estimate the dynamic amplification factors of extradosed bridge girders and cables when sudden failure of an extradosed cable occurs. The main goal of the study is to determine whether the pseudo-static approach suggested in the guidelines is acceptable. Linear response history analyses were performed by using computational models of extradosed bridges in which the girder stiffness and the suspension (lateral or central) and cable layout (fan or harp) of the cables were modified. From the analysis, the DAFs were calculated and compared to those recommended in the design guidelines. The calculated DAFs for the axial forces and bending moment in the girder of the bridges and for the axial forces in the extradosed cables were smaller than 2.0. However, in some cases the DAF for shear forces were higher than 2.0, especially when the girder stiffness was relatively low. The results indicate that the recommendations of the design guidelines are adequate for extradosed bridges, which is a result of the relatively high stiffness of the girder and low inclination of extradosed cables. Despite this, response history analyses like the one performed in this study are recommended to assess the response of the bridge under cable breakage.

Journal

Bridge StructuresIOS Press

Published: Dec 9, 2021

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