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Vapor–liquid assisted chemical vapor deposition of Cu2X materials

Vapor–liquid assisted chemical vapor deposition of Cu2X materials Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are known for their layered structure and tunable functional properties. However, a unified understanding on other transition metal chalcogenides (i.e. M2X) is still lacking. Here, the relatively new class of copper-based chalcogenides Cu2X (X = Te, Se, S) is thoroughly reported. Cu2X are synthesized by an unusual vapor–liquid assisted growth on a Al2O3/Cu/W stack. Liquid copper plays a significant role in synthesizing these layered systems, and sapphire assists with lateral growth and exfoliation. Similar to traditional TMDs, thickness dependent phonon signatures are observed, and high-resolution atomic images reveal the single phase Cu2Te that prefers to grow in lattice-matched layers. Charge transport measurements indicate a metallic nature at room temperature with a transition to a semiconducting nature at low temperatures accompanied by a phase transition, in agreement with band structure calculations. These findings establish a fundamental understanding and thrust Cu2Te as a flexible candidate for wide applications from photovoltaics and sensors to nanoelectronics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png 2D Materials IOP Publishing

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Publisher
IOP Publishing
Copyright
© 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd
eISSN
2053-1583
DOI
10.1088/2053-1583/ac8435
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are known for their layered structure and tunable functional properties. However, a unified understanding on other transition metal chalcogenides (i.e. M2X) is still lacking. Here, the relatively new class of copper-based chalcogenides Cu2X (X = Te, Se, S) is thoroughly reported. Cu2X are synthesized by an unusual vapor–liquid assisted growth on a Al2O3/Cu/W stack. Liquid copper plays a significant role in synthesizing these layered systems, and sapphire assists with lateral growth and exfoliation. Similar to traditional TMDs, thickness dependent phonon signatures are observed, and high-resolution atomic images reveal the single phase Cu2Te that prefers to grow in lattice-matched layers. Charge transport measurements indicate a metallic nature at room temperature with a transition to a semiconducting nature at low temperatures accompanied by a phase transition, in agreement with band structure calculations. These findings establish a fundamental understanding and thrust Cu2Te as a flexible candidate for wide applications from photovoltaics and sensors to nanoelectronics.

Journal

2D MaterialsIOP Publishing

Published: Oct 1, 2022

Keywords: vapor–liquid CVD; Cu2X; Cu2Te; metal-semiconductor transition

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