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MXene (Ti3C2T x ) modified α-Co(OH)2 battery-type cathode and highly capacitive binder-free Ti3C2T x anode for high-performance electrochemical hybrid capacitor

MXene (Ti3C2T x ) modified α-Co(OH)2 battery-type cathode and... The layered nanostructure of cobalt hydroxide has received great attention in the field of the electrochemical hybrid capacitor (EHC). However, the poor electrical conductivity and cyclic stability hinder its practical applicability. Surface modification of electrodes is considered one of the effective strategies to improve these properties. In this work, the surface of α-Co(OH)2 is modified via Ti3C2TxMXene using a simple drop-casting method with different mass loadings and corresponding electrochemical performance is evaluated. The α-Co(OH)2 surface modified with 0.05 mg cm−2 Ti3C2TxMXene (CM0.05) shows the maximum specific capacity of 403 C g−1 at the current density of 3 A g−1. The aqueous EHC fabricated with CM0.05 as a positive electrode and two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2TxMXene nanosheets as a negative electrode outperforms the EHC fabricated with the activated carbon as a negative electrode. The CM0.05//MXene EHC shows the maximum energy density of 44.5 Wh kg−1 at the power density of 2762 W kg−1. This also shows appreciable stability of 72% even after 5000 cycles. The flexible EHC fabricated using polyvinyl alcohol: KOH gel electrolyte demonstrates a superior energy density of 1.17 mWh cm−2 at the power density of 11.9 mW cm−2 with a wide operating potential of 1.6 V. Therefore, MXene (Ti3C2Tx) modified α-Co(OH)2 can be considered as a promising electrode material for flexible EHCs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png 2D Materials IOP Publishing

MXene (Ti3C2T x ) modified α-Co(OH)2 battery-type cathode and highly capacitive binder-free Ti3C2T x anode for high-performance electrochemical hybrid capacitor

2D Materials , Volume 9 (4): 15 – Oct 1, 2022

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Publisher
IOP Publishing
Copyright
© 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd
eISSN
2053-1583
DOI
10.1088/2053-1583/ac9191
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The layered nanostructure of cobalt hydroxide has received great attention in the field of the electrochemical hybrid capacitor (EHC). However, the poor electrical conductivity and cyclic stability hinder its practical applicability. Surface modification of electrodes is considered one of the effective strategies to improve these properties. In this work, the surface of α-Co(OH)2 is modified via Ti3C2TxMXene using a simple drop-casting method with different mass loadings and corresponding electrochemical performance is evaluated. The α-Co(OH)2 surface modified with 0.05 mg cm−2 Ti3C2TxMXene (CM0.05) shows the maximum specific capacity of 403 C g−1 at the current density of 3 A g−1. The aqueous EHC fabricated with CM0.05 as a positive electrode and two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2TxMXene nanosheets as a negative electrode outperforms the EHC fabricated with the activated carbon as a negative electrode. The CM0.05//MXene EHC shows the maximum energy density of 44.5 Wh kg−1 at the power density of 2762 W kg−1. This also shows appreciable stability of 72% even after 5000 cycles. The flexible EHC fabricated using polyvinyl alcohol: KOH gel electrolyte demonstrates a superior energy density of 1.17 mWh cm−2 at the power density of 11.9 mW cm−2 with a wide operating potential of 1.6 V. Therefore, MXene (Ti3C2Tx) modified α-Co(OH)2 can be considered as a promising electrode material for flexible EHCs.

Journal

2D MaterialsIOP Publishing

Published: Oct 1, 2022

Keywords: surface modification; cobalt hydroxide; MXene; battery-type material; hybrid electrochemical capacitor

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