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Direct measurement of biexcitons in monolayer WS2

Direct measurement of biexcitons in monolayer WS2 The optical properties of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides are dominated by Coulomb bound quasi-particles, such as excitons, trions, and biexcitons. Due to the number and density of possible states, attributing different spectral peaks to the specific origin can be difficult. In particular, there has been much conjecture around the presence, binding energy and/or nature of biexcitons in these materials. In this work, we remove any ambiguity in identifying and separating the optically excited biexciton in monolayer WS2 using two-quantum multidimensional coherent spectroscopy (2Q-MDCS), a technique that directly and selectively probes doubly-excited states, such as biexcitons. The energy difference between the unbound two-exciton state and the biexciton is the fundamental definition of biexciton binding energy and is measured to be 26 ± 2 meV. Furthermore, resolving the biexciton peaks in 2Q-MDCS allows us to identify that the biexciton observed here is composed of two bright excitons in opposite valleys. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png 2D Materials IOP Publishing

Direct measurement of biexcitons in monolayer WS2

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Publisher
IOP Publishing
Copyright
© 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd
eISSN
2053-1583
DOI
10.1088/2053-1583/ac4779
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The optical properties of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides are dominated by Coulomb bound quasi-particles, such as excitons, trions, and biexcitons. Due to the number and density of possible states, attributing different spectral peaks to the specific origin can be difficult. In particular, there has been much conjecture around the presence, binding energy and/or nature of biexcitons in these materials. In this work, we remove any ambiguity in identifying and separating the optically excited biexciton in monolayer WS2 using two-quantum multidimensional coherent spectroscopy (2Q-MDCS), a technique that directly and selectively probes doubly-excited states, such as biexcitons. The energy difference between the unbound two-exciton state and the biexciton is the fundamental definition of biexciton binding energy and is measured to be 26 ± 2 meV. Furthermore, resolving the biexciton peaks in 2Q-MDCS allows us to identify that the biexciton observed here is composed of two bright excitons in opposite valleys.

Journal

2D MaterialsIOP Publishing

Published: Apr 1, 2022

Keywords: biexciton; multidimensional coherent spectroscopy; biexciton binding energy; semiconductor; WS2

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