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Simulation model to determine frequency of a single bus route with single and multiple headways

Simulation model to determine frequency of a single bus route with single and multiple headways Determination of frequency is one of the important elements of bus transit system design. In the past, the researchers have used the average passenger demand and average travel time (deterministic data) as input in their models to find the frequency of buses in a selected route. In practice, the arrival of passengers at the stages and travelling time between stages is stochastic in nature. So, the frequency determination under deterministic conditions may not yield good results. In this paper, the stochastic nature of passenger arrival at the stages and travelling time between stages is considered. A simulation model is built using ARENA version 12, a discrete simulation software package to arrive at the solution. The best frequency is determined for the selected route so as to minimise the total cost comprising the waiting time cost of the passengers and operating cost of the buses with single and multiple headways. The model has been applied to one of the bus routes in Chennai City (a metropolitan city in India). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling Inderscience Publishers

Simulation model to determine frequency of a single bus route with single and multiple headways

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. All rights reserved
ISSN
1758-9401
eISSN
1758-941X
DOI
10.1504/IJBPSCM.2012.044973
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Determination of frequency is one of the important elements of bus transit system design. In the past, the researchers have used the average passenger demand and average travel time (deterministic data) as input in their models to find the frequency of buses in a selected route. In practice, the arrival of passengers at the stages and travelling time between stages is stochastic in nature. So, the frequency determination under deterministic conditions may not yield good results. In this paper, the stochastic nature of passenger arrival at the stages and travelling time between stages is considered. A simulation model is built using ARENA version 12, a discrete simulation software package to arrive at the solution. The best frequency is determined for the selected route so as to minimise the total cost comprising the waiting time cost of the passengers and operating cost of the buses with single and multiple headways. The model has been applied to one of the bus routes in Chennai City (a metropolitan city in India).

Journal

International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain ModellingInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2012

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