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The impact of order imbalance on returns, liquidity, and volatility in agricultural commodity markets

The impact of order imbalance on returns, liquidity, and volatility in agricultural commodity... The purpose of this paper is to investigate and compare the impact of order imbalance on returns, liquidity and price volatility in agricultural futures markets on an intraday basis. The authors examine whether order imbalance is more powerful to explain variations in asset prices compared to other indicators of trading activity, particularly trading volume.Design/methodology/approachUsing Chicago Mercantile Exchange best bid best offer data, the impact of order imbalance is analyzed via regression analyses. The analyses are carried out for corn, wheat, soy, live cattle and lean hogs in March 2008 and March 2016.FindingsResults confirm the positive relation between order imbalance and returns as well as between order imbalance and price volatility as suggested by market microstructure models. Order imbalance, however, does not generally outperform trading volume as an explanatory variable.Practical implicationsFor some contracts, returns can be predicted using lagged order imbalance. This offers the opportunity to derive profitable trading strategies.Originality/valueThis paper is one of the first attempts to explore the relationship between order imbalance and returns, liquidity and volatility for agricultural commodity futures on an intraday basis, accounting for the increased trading volume and for the high speed at which new information enters the market in an electronic trading environment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Agricultural Finance Review Emerald Publishing

The impact of order imbalance on returns, liquidity, and volatility in agricultural commodity markets

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0002-1466
DOI
10.1108/afr-10-2017-0099
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate and compare the impact of order imbalance on returns, liquidity and price volatility in agricultural futures markets on an intraday basis. The authors examine whether order imbalance is more powerful to explain variations in asset prices compared to other indicators of trading activity, particularly trading volume.Design/methodology/approachUsing Chicago Mercantile Exchange best bid best offer data, the impact of order imbalance is analyzed via regression analyses. The analyses are carried out for corn, wheat, soy, live cattle and lean hogs in March 2008 and March 2016.FindingsResults confirm the positive relation between order imbalance and returns as well as between order imbalance and price volatility as suggested by market microstructure models. Order imbalance, however, does not generally outperform trading volume as an explanatory variable.Practical implicationsFor some contracts, returns can be predicted using lagged order imbalance. This offers the opportunity to derive profitable trading strategies.Originality/valueThis paper is one of the first attempts to explore the relationship between order imbalance and returns, liquidity and volatility for agricultural commodity futures on an intraday basis, accounting for the increased trading volume and for the high speed at which new information enters the market in an electronic trading environment.

Journal

Agricultural Finance ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 17, 2018

Keywords: Liquidity; Returns; Market microstructure; Agricultural futures markets; Order imbalance; Price volatility

References