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The demand for credit, credit rationing and the role of microfinance Evidence from poor rural counties of China

The demand for credit, credit rationing and the role of microfinance Evidence from poor rural... Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the demand for credit and credit rationing conducted by formal, informal and emerging microfinance lenders in the four poor counties of China. Design/methodology/approach – This paper extends the existing studies on credit rationing in rural China by comparing the determinants of credit rationing by three different lenders, the formal lenders rural credit cooperatives (RCCs), the informal lenders and the new microfinance institutions (MFIs). Findings – MFIs are capable of reaching out to the even poorer households if they develop the loan products based on the income and expenditure flows of these households. Research limitations/implications – The determinants of credit rationing by three types of institutions are estimated separately. Practical implications – RCCs in China shall change their policy of discrimination against female‐headed households. RCCs shall also simplify the loan application procedures and assess the clients based on their repayment capacities rather than the age or assets alone. RCCs could learn from MFIs to use incomes from migrant workers as a criterion to assess the loan applicants. Social implications – gender equity for loan access. Originality/value – This paper extends the existing studies on credit rationing in rural China by comparing the determinants of credit rationing by three different lenders, the formal lenders (RCCs), the informal lenders and the new MFIs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png China Agricultural Economic Review Emerald Publishing

The demand for credit, credit rationing and the role of microfinance Evidence from poor rural counties of China

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1756-137X
DOI
10.1108/CAER-07-2012-0076
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the demand for credit and credit rationing conducted by formal, informal and emerging microfinance lenders in the four poor counties of China. Design/methodology/approach – This paper extends the existing studies on credit rationing in rural China by comparing the determinants of credit rationing by three different lenders, the formal lenders rural credit cooperatives (RCCs), the informal lenders and the new microfinance institutions (MFIs). Findings – MFIs are capable of reaching out to the even poorer households if they develop the loan products based on the income and expenditure flows of these households. Research limitations/implications – The determinants of credit rationing by three types of institutions are estimated separately. Practical implications – RCCs in China shall change their policy of discrimination against female‐headed households. RCCs shall also simplify the loan application procedures and assess the clients based on their repayment capacities rather than the age or assets alone. RCCs could learn from MFIs to use incomes from migrant workers as a criterion to assess the loan applicants. Social implications – gender equity for loan access. Originality/value – This paper extends the existing studies on credit rationing in rural China by comparing the determinants of credit rationing by three different lenders, the formal lenders (RCCs), the informal lenders and the new MFIs.

Journal

China Agricultural Economic ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 29, 2014

Keywords: Outreach; Credit rationing; Credit demand; Microfinance

References