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Taylor-rider-based deep convolutional neural network for image forgery detection in 3D lighting environment

Taylor-rider-based deep convolutional neural network for image forgery detection in 3D lighting... With the advancements in photo editing software, it is possible to generate fake images, degrading the trust in digital images. Forged images, which appear like authentic images, can be created without leaving any visual clues about the alteration in the image. Image forensic field has introduced several forgery detection techniques, which effectively distinguish fake images from the original ones, to restore the trust in digital images. Among several forgery images, spliced images involving human faces are more unsafe. Hence, there is a need for a forgery detection approach to detect the spliced images.Design/methodology/approachThis paper proposes a Taylor-rider optimization algorithm-based deep convolutional neural network (Taylor-ROA-based DeepCNN) for detecting spliced images. Initially, the human faces in the spliced images are detected using the Viola–Jones algorithm, from which the 3-dimensional (3D) shape of the face is established using landmark-based 3D morphable model (L3DMM), which estimates the light coefficients. Then, the distance measures, such as Bhattacharya, Seuclidean, Euclidean, Hamming, Chebyshev and correlation coefficients are determined from the light coefficients of the faces. These form the feature vector to the proposed Taylor-ROA-based DeepCNN, which determines the spliced images.FindingsExperimental analysis using DSO-1, DSI-1, real dataset and hybrid dataset reveal that the proposed approach acquired the maximal accuracy, true positive rate (TPR) and true negative rate (TNR) of 99%, 98.88% and 96.03%, respectively, for DSO-1 dataset. The proposed method reached the performance improvement of 24.49%, 8.92%, 6.72%, 4.17%, 0.25%, 0.13%, 0.06%, and 0.06% in comparison to the existing methods, such as Kee and Farid's, shape from shading (SFS), random guess, Bo Peng et al., neural network, FOA-SVNN, CNN-based MBK, and Manoj Kumar et al., respectively, in terms of accuracy.Originality/valueThe Taylor-ROA is developed by integrating the Taylor series in rider optimization algorithm (ROA) for optimally tuning the DeepCNN. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Data Technologies and Applications Emerald Publishing

Taylor-rider-based deep convolutional neural network for image forgery detection in 3D lighting environment

Data Technologies and Applications , Volume 56 (1): 29 – Jan 18, 2022

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References (45)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2514-9288
DOI
10.1108/dta-10-2020-0234
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

With the advancements in photo editing software, it is possible to generate fake images, degrading the trust in digital images. Forged images, which appear like authentic images, can be created without leaving any visual clues about the alteration in the image. Image forensic field has introduced several forgery detection techniques, which effectively distinguish fake images from the original ones, to restore the trust in digital images. Among several forgery images, spliced images involving human faces are more unsafe. Hence, there is a need for a forgery detection approach to detect the spliced images.Design/methodology/approachThis paper proposes a Taylor-rider optimization algorithm-based deep convolutional neural network (Taylor-ROA-based DeepCNN) for detecting spliced images. Initially, the human faces in the spliced images are detected using the Viola–Jones algorithm, from which the 3-dimensional (3D) shape of the face is established using landmark-based 3D morphable model (L3DMM), which estimates the light coefficients. Then, the distance measures, such as Bhattacharya, Seuclidean, Euclidean, Hamming, Chebyshev and correlation coefficients are determined from the light coefficients of the faces. These form the feature vector to the proposed Taylor-ROA-based DeepCNN, which determines the spliced images.FindingsExperimental analysis using DSO-1, DSI-1, real dataset and hybrid dataset reveal that the proposed approach acquired the maximal accuracy, true positive rate (TPR) and true negative rate (TNR) of 99%, 98.88% and 96.03%, respectively, for DSO-1 dataset. The proposed method reached the performance improvement of 24.49%, 8.92%, 6.72%, 4.17%, 0.25%, 0.13%, 0.06%, and 0.06% in comparison to the existing methods, such as Kee and Farid's, shape from shading (SFS), random guess, Bo Peng et al., neural network, FOA-SVNN, CNN-based MBK, and Manoj Kumar et al., respectively, in terms of accuracy.Originality/valueThe Taylor-ROA is developed by integrating the Taylor series in rider optimization algorithm (ROA) for optimally tuning the DeepCNN.

Journal

Data Technologies and ApplicationsEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 18, 2022

Keywords: Image forgery detection; Deep learning network; Rider optimization algorithm; Taylor series; Spliced images

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