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Symptom validity assessment in neuropsychology

Symptom validity assessment in neuropsychology Purpose – The paper aims to give an introduction into symptom validity assessment (SVA) to non‐experts in the field of neuropsychology. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on the knowledge of the progress in this field which can be conceived as one of the most prolific developments in forensic neuropsychological assessment. Findings – By its very nature, clinical neuropsychology is a data‐driven discipline, both on the level of single‐case assessment and in research. In forensic contexts where secondary gain is immanent, uncooperativeness and malingering may threaten the integrity of data, so much so that no valid conclusions may be drawn from the data. Originality/value – In the last 20 years, clinical and forensic neuropsychologists have been more prominent in the development of methods to detect response distortions and to identify malingering than any other profession. In forensic contexts, neuropsychological evaluations without SVA must be considered incomplete. Clinically and forensically working psychologists should strive to have a thorough knowledge of symptom validity assessment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Social Care and Neurodisability Emerald Publishing

Symptom validity assessment in neuropsychology

Social Care and Neurodisability , Volume 4 (2): 6 – May 10, 2013

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
2042-0919
DOI
10.1108/SCN-01-2013-0001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The paper aims to give an introduction into symptom validity assessment (SVA) to non‐experts in the field of neuropsychology. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on the knowledge of the progress in this field which can be conceived as one of the most prolific developments in forensic neuropsychological assessment. Findings – By its very nature, clinical neuropsychology is a data‐driven discipline, both on the level of single‐case assessment and in research. In forensic contexts where secondary gain is immanent, uncooperativeness and malingering may threaten the integrity of data, so much so that no valid conclusions may be drawn from the data. Originality/value – In the last 20 years, clinical and forensic neuropsychologists have been more prominent in the development of methods to detect response distortions and to identify malingering than any other profession. In forensic contexts, neuropsychological evaluations without SVA must be considered incomplete. Clinically and forensically working psychologists should strive to have a thorough knowledge of symptom validity assessment.

Journal

Social Care and NeurodisabilityEmerald Publishing

Published: May 10, 2013

Keywords: Malingering; Symptom validity testing; Neuropsychological assessment; Negative response bias; Forensic assessment; Traumatic brain injury; Neurology; Psychology; Forensic medicine

References