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Migration in India under structural transformation

Migration in India under structural transformation This study aims to answer if inter-state migrants in India play a more active role than their intra-state counterparts in labor force participation and entrepreneurship.Design/methodology/approachA recursive bivariate probit model is used with an instrumental variable (IV) of the total of inter-state migrants in a city over their historical numbers to tackle the endogeneity issue of the migration decision of the migrants.FindingsInter-state migrants did a better job than their intra-state counterparts in labor force participation and female inter-state migrants did a better job than their counterparts in wage employment and being day laborers.Research limitations/implicationsThe data are from IPUMS and there is no updated nationwide data regrading migration and employment for recent years.Practical implicationsA randomized controlled trail can be carried out near the borders of two states where there are both significant amounts of inter-state and intra-state migrants.Social implicationsThe government and international organizations shall focus on cultivating the skills of the female migrants as well as encouraging the entrepreneurship of both types of migrants.Originality/valueThe study focus is on the comparison between intra- and inter-state migrants based on nationwide survey data and the usage of recursive bivariate model and an effective Instrumental Variable. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Growth and Development Review Emerald Publishing

Migration in India under structural transformation

Indian Growth and Development Review , Volume 16 (2): 24 – Jul 24, 2023

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References (22)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1753-8254
eISSN
1753-8254
DOI
10.1108/igdr-09-2022-0114
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aims to answer if inter-state migrants in India play a more active role than their intra-state counterparts in labor force participation and entrepreneurship.Design/methodology/approachA recursive bivariate probit model is used with an instrumental variable (IV) of the total of inter-state migrants in a city over their historical numbers to tackle the endogeneity issue of the migration decision of the migrants.FindingsInter-state migrants did a better job than their intra-state counterparts in labor force participation and female inter-state migrants did a better job than their counterparts in wage employment and being day laborers.Research limitations/implicationsThe data are from IPUMS and there is no updated nationwide data regrading migration and employment for recent years.Practical implicationsA randomized controlled trail can be carried out near the borders of two states where there are both significant amounts of inter-state and intra-state migrants.Social implicationsThe government and international organizations shall focus on cultivating the skills of the female migrants as well as encouraging the entrepreneurship of both types of migrants.Originality/valueThe study focus is on the comparison between intra- and inter-state migrants based on nationwide survey data and the usage of recursive bivariate model and an effective Instrumental Variable.

Journal

Indian Growth and Development ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 24, 2023

Keywords: Transportation improvement; Inter-state migrants; Intra-state migrants; Female inter-state migrants; Labor force participation

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