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This paper aims to examine the relationship between perceived investments in employees’ development (PIED) on work engagement and the moderating effects of psychological capital on this relationship for liquid knowledge workers, employed in the Indian cutting and polishing of diamond industry (CPD).Design/methodology/approachA questionnaire composed of established scales was administered to 134 liquid knowledge workers. Having established convergent and discriminant validity using structural equation modelling, the model was further analysed using the Process macro to check for direct and moderating effects.FindingsThe research findings suggest that the perceived investment in employee development and psychological contract enhancement (relational and transactional) made by CPD units for liquid knowledge workers positively influenced their work engagement level. The study also finds that relational contract (not transactional contract) positively moderates the relationship between perceived investment in employee development and work engagement.Research limitations/implicationsThis is a cross-sectional single source study; future studies could look at longitudinal and multisource perspective.Practical implicationsThe study presents a “star matrix of engagement” that guides the application of the two strategies of perceived employee development and psychological contract enhancement for liquid knowledge workers. This has implications for design and implementation of human resource management practices and policies for employee management.Originality/valueThe study makes significant contributions to existing literature on antecedents of work engagement of liquid knowledge workers by examining the direct and moderating influences.
Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jun 19, 2019
Keywords: Quantitative; Employee management; Indian cutting and polishing of diamond (CPD) industry; Liquid knowledge workers; Liquid workforce; Perceived investment in employee development (PIED); Relational psychological contact; Transactional psychological contract; Work engagement; Highly skilled work force; Training
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