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Do economic, social and political globalization affect terrorism? Fresh evidence from international panel data

Do economic, social and political globalization affect terrorism? Fresh evidence from... This paper aims to investigate the impact of economic, social and political globalizations on the incidents of global terrorism.Design/methodology/approachThe authors apply negative binomial regressions model because the variable is event count. The sample size covers 195 countries from 1990 to 2017.FindingsThere is strong evidence that the higher level of economic and social integrations internationally lead to a reduction in terrorist activities. However, the results relating to political globalization are inconsistent. Comparing the top 20 most affected countries with the full sample, the authors find a negative association between economic globalization and terrorism, whereas social and political globalization is found to be statistically insignificant. Finally, the evidence holds firmly pre-9/11 attacks on World Trade Centre.Research limitations/implicationsThis paper suffers through the lack of consensus on a unique and consistent definition of terrorism. The definition of terrorism varies across time and countries. Furthermore, there is a variation among the main databases of terrorism, which could potentially affect the reliability of findings.Practical implicationsThis paper provides policymakers with a policy recommendation that the economic and social integration across countries should be encouraged, as it might decrease the number of terrorist events taking place worldwide. In addition, the benefits of economic development generated through global integration must be fairly distributed across societies as an effort to decrease motivation of disgruntles population to involve in terrorism.Originality/valueThis paper contributes empirically to the existing literature through investigating the impact of economic, social and political globalizations on the incidents of terrorism worldwide. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research Emerald Publishing

Do economic, social and political globalization affect terrorism? Fresh evidence from international panel data

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1759-6599
DOI
10.1108/jacpr-12-2020-0566
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the impact of economic, social and political globalizations on the incidents of global terrorism.Design/methodology/approachThe authors apply negative binomial regressions model because the variable is event count. The sample size covers 195 countries from 1990 to 2017.FindingsThere is strong evidence that the higher level of economic and social integrations internationally lead to a reduction in terrorist activities. However, the results relating to political globalization are inconsistent. Comparing the top 20 most affected countries with the full sample, the authors find a negative association between economic globalization and terrorism, whereas social and political globalization is found to be statistically insignificant. Finally, the evidence holds firmly pre-9/11 attacks on World Trade Centre.Research limitations/implicationsThis paper suffers through the lack of consensus on a unique and consistent definition of terrorism. The definition of terrorism varies across time and countries. Furthermore, there is a variation among the main databases of terrorism, which could potentially affect the reliability of findings.Practical implicationsThis paper provides policymakers with a policy recommendation that the economic and social integration across countries should be encouraged, as it might decrease the number of terrorist events taking place worldwide. In addition, the benefits of economic development generated through global integration must be fairly distributed across societies as an effort to decrease motivation of disgruntles population to involve in terrorism.Originality/valueThis paper contributes empirically to the existing literature through investigating the impact of economic, social and political globalizations on the incidents of terrorism worldwide.

Journal

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace ResearchEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 1, 2021

Keywords: Globalization; Economic globalization; Political globalization; Social globalization; International panel data; Negative binomial regression

References