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Determinants of environmental degradation in Saudi Arabia: exploring the unexplored

Determinants of environmental degradation in Saudi Arabia: exploring the unexplored Environmental degradation is recognized as a serious problem globally, and hence, Saudi Arabia is no exception. This paper aims to focus on the economy of Saudi Arabia to identify the determinants of environmental degradation.Design/methodology/approachTime series data spanning from 1971 to 2014 is used and analyzed using the recently developed autoregressive distributed lag modeling approach.FindingsThe obtained results reflected that natural resources, per person income and urbanization, have impacted environmental degradation both positively and significantly in the long run. Similarly, an insignificant negative relationship is established between trade openness and environmental degradation. Moreover, energy consumption has positively but insignificantly affected environmental degradation. In the short run, only per capita income has positively influenced environmental degradation while the rest of the variables have lost either significance levels or their direction of relationship has reversed.Originality/valueAs this is a pioneering study on the economy of Saudi Arabia, therefore, the authors assume that policymakers will find the findings of the current study very useful while formulating and implementing policies to control environmental degradation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Energy Sector Management Emerald Publishing

Determinants of environmental degradation in Saudi Arabia: exploring the unexplored

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1750-6220
DOI
10.1108/ijesm-04-2020-0011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Environmental degradation is recognized as a serious problem globally, and hence, Saudi Arabia is no exception. This paper aims to focus on the economy of Saudi Arabia to identify the determinants of environmental degradation.Design/methodology/approachTime series data spanning from 1971 to 2014 is used and analyzed using the recently developed autoregressive distributed lag modeling approach.FindingsThe obtained results reflected that natural resources, per person income and urbanization, have impacted environmental degradation both positively and significantly in the long run. Similarly, an insignificant negative relationship is established between trade openness and environmental degradation. Moreover, energy consumption has positively but insignificantly affected environmental degradation. In the short run, only per capita income has positively influenced environmental degradation while the rest of the variables have lost either significance levels or their direction of relationship has reversed.Originality/valueAs this is a pioneering study on the economy of Saudi Arabia, therefore, the authors assume that policymakers will find the findings of the current study very useful while formulating and implementing policies to control environmental degradation.

Journal

International Journal of Energy Sector ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 3, 2022

Keywords: Environmental degradation; ARDL; Natural resources; Saudi Arabia; Unit root

References