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Board characteristics and foreign equity ownership: evidence from Bangladesh

Board characteristics and foreign equity ownership: evidence from Bangladesh The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of board characteristics on foreign equity ownership (FEO) in the listed public limited companies of Bangladesh.Design/methodology/approachThe study collected data from 418 annual reports of listed companies of Bangladesh for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 to examine the effect of board characteristics on FEO. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) and Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) regression methods are used to test the hypotheses of the study.FindingsThe results show that board size has significant negative influence on FEO. Other board characteristics variables such as board independence and female directorship appear to have an insignificant influence on FEO. However, several firm characteristics variables such as return on assets, market-to-book ratio, firm size and firm age have a significant positive relationship with FEO. While presenting the regression results separately for manufacturing and non-manufacturing firms, the findings reveal a number of differences in the results between the two sectors.Research limitations/implicationsThe major limitation of the study is that it concentrates only on three years annual report data in analyzing the hypothesized relationships.Practical implicationsPolicy makers, regulators and top management can get meaningful insights with respect to optimal board structure and firm characteristics to attract foreign investors as the results revealed significant effects of several board and firm characteristics variables on FEO.Originality/valueThe present study includes the presence of female directors on the board to represent board characteristics. No other study has examined the relationship between FEO and female directors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies Emerald Publishing

Board characteristics and foreign equity ownership: evidence from Bangladesh

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2042-1168
DOI
10.1108/jaee-10-2019-0199
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of board characteristics on foreign equity ownership (FEO) in the listed public limited companies of Bangladesh.Design/methodology/approachThe study collected data from 418 annual reports of listed companies of Bangladesh for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 to examine the effect of board characteristics on FEO. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) and Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) regression methods are used to test the hypotheses of the study.FindingsThe results show that board size has significant negative influence on FEO. Other board characteristics variables such as board independence and female directorship appear to have an insignificant influence on FEO. However, several firm characteristics variables such as return on assets, market-to-book ratio, firm size and firm age have a significant positive relationship with FEO. While presenting the regression results separately for manufacturing and non-manufacturing firms, the findings reveal a number of differences in the results between the two sectors.Research limitations/implicationsThe major limitation of the study is that it concentrates only on three years annual report data in analyzing the hypothesized relationships.Practical implicationsPolicy makers, regulators and top management can get meaningful insights with respect to optimal board structure and firm characteristics to attract foreign investors as the results revealed significant effects of several board and firm characteristics variables on FEO.Originality/valueThe present study includes the presence of female directors on the board to represent board characteristics. No other study has examined the relationship between FEO and female directors.

Journal

Journal of Accounting in Emerging EconomiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 24, 2020

Keywords: Board characteristics; Board independence; Gender diversity; Foreign equity ownership; Bangladesh

References