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Are special economic zones products of corruption?

Are special economic zones products of corruption? These zones offer participants a wide variety of incentives and can be found in sizes ranging from a few square acres to entire large cities. The diversity among SEZs presents an opportunity for new research.Design/methodology/approachSpecial economic zones (SEZs) have grown exponentially in popularity during the past few decades, in size and scope. They are often lauded as instruments central to enhancing economic growth in developing countries. However, the empirical evidence on the relationship between SEZs and growth is inconclusive.FindingsThe analysis concludes that corruption leads to the creation of smaller zones that are likely the products of rent-seeking.Originality/valueThe authors argue that SEZs can be effective vehicles for rent-seeking, especially geographically small zones and develop an empirical model to explore the relationship between zone size and the impetus for the zone creation, namely corruption. Specifically, the authors analyze whether these small zones are vehicles of economic growth or manifestations of country wide corruption. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Enterpreneurship and Public Policy Emerald Publishing

Are special economic zones products of corruption?

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2045-2101
DOI
10.1108/jepp-04-2022-0054
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

These zones offer participants a wide variety of incentives and can be found in sizes ranging from a few square acres to entire large cities. The diversity among SEZs presents an opportunity for new research.Design/methodology/approachSpecial economic zones (SEZs) have grown exponentially in popularity during the past few decades, in size and scope. They are often lauded as instruments central to enhancing economic growth in developing countries. However, the empirical evidence on the relationship between SEZs and growth is inconclusive.FindingsThe analysis concludes that corruption leads to the creation of smaller zones that are likely the products of rent-seeking.Originality/valueThe authors argue that SEZs can be effective vehicles for rent-seeking, especially geographically small zones and develop an empirical model to explore the relationship between zone size and the impetus for the zone creation, namely corruption. Specifically, the authors analyze whether these small zones are vehicles of economic growth or manifestations of country wide corruption.

Journal

Journal of Enterpreneurship and Public PolicyEmerald Publishing

Published: Oct 25, 2022

Keywords: Special economic zones; Corruption; Economic development; Rent-seeking; Unproductive entrepreneurship; O14; O17; O18; O43; D73

References