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40 years of China’s rural reform: review and prospect

40 years of China’s rural reform: review and prospect CAER Editorial 10,1 2018 marks China’s 40th anniversary of reform and opening-up, and also the 40th anniversary of rural reform. In the past four decades of social change, by the opportunely transformation of traditional operating system, rural reform contributed to the whole process of China’s reform and opening-up and modernization construction, and itself has obtained an unprecedented development. Over the past four decades, China’s reform and opening-up policy has made splendid achievements. Both the level of productivity and the power of government are extraordinary improved after more than 30 years of plentiful growth, and China now is the second largest economy, which created a miracle in the history of world economy. At the same time, the Chinese economy is undergoing two major changes – the shift of economic growth from high rate to medium-high rate and the shift of economic development mode from extensive growth to intensive growth. Currently, the former is nearly completed, while the latter obviously falls behind. 40 years of China’s rural development has achieved historical leaps and bounds. Aggregate balance of grain and other agricultural products supply is obtained, overall agricultural production capacity has improved significantly, rural economic structure has improved and upgraded constantly, and farmers’ income has increased steadily. Rural basic operation system is completely established and perfected. And last but not the least, urban and rural integration strategy is implemented and promoted constantly. The enormous achievement of agriculture and rural development provided strong support for the China’s economic miracle. However, admittedly, there are many challenges, such as food security, land system reform, growth mode transformation, financial system innovation, farmers’ urbanization, and comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable development, facing China’s rural development. Rural area has in large part become the biggest weakness of China’s deepening reform, although it was the pioneer of China’s reform 40 years ago. As a result, more than celebrating the 40th anniversary of China’s rural reform, in 2018, the Editorial Office of China Agricultural Economic Review will organize a series of invited papers to review the development and change of the 40 years in agriculture and rural area from different aspects, and look ahead to what needs to be achieved in the future. The special section of this issue includes papers related to agricultural surplus laborers’ transfer and reallocation, farmland institution reform, farmers’ subsidy system, agricultural organizations and the role of farmer cooperatives, agri-environment policy for grain production, food consumption, rural education, and rural energy policy. We believe that these works will contribute to the current debates on agriculture and rural development in China and other countries with similar national conditions. Baozhong Su China Agricultural Economic Review p. 2 © Emerald Publishing Limited 1756-137X DOI 10.1108/CAER-12-2017-0236 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png China Agricultural Economic Review Emerald Publishing

40 years of China’s rural reform: review and prospect

China Agricultural Economic Review , Volume 10 (1): 1 – Feb 5, 2018

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1756-137X
DOI
10.1108/CAER-12-2017-0236
Publisher site
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Abstract

CAER Editorial 10,1 2018 marks China’s 40th anniversary of reform and opening-up, and also the 40th anniversary of rural reform. In the past four decades of social change, by the opportunely transformation of traditional operating system, rural reform contributed to the whole process of China’s reform and opening-up and modernization construction, and itself has obtained an unprecedented development. Over the past four decades, China’s reform and opening-up policy has made splendid achievements. Both the level of productivity and the power of government are extraordinary improved after more than 30 years of plentiful growth, and China now is the second largest economy, which created a miracle in the history of world economy. At the same time, the Chinese economy is undergoing two major changes – the shift of economic growth from high rate to medium-high rate and the shift of economic development mode from extensive growth to intensive growth. Currently, the former is nearly completed, while the latter obviously falls behind. 40 years of China’s rural development has achieved historical leaps and bounds. Aggregate balance of grain and other agricultural products supply is obtained, overall agricultural production capacity has improved significantly, rural economic structure has improved and upgraded constantly, and farmers’ income has increased steadily. Rural basic operation system is completely established and perfected. And last but not the least, urban and rural integration strategy is implemented and promoted constantly. The enormous achievement of agriculture and rural development provided strong support for the China’s economic miracle. However, admittedly, there are many challenges, such as food security, land system reform, growth mode transformation, financial system innovation, farmers’ urbanization, and comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable development, facing China’s rural development. Rural area has in large part become the biggest weakness of China’s deepening reform, although it was the pioneer of China’s reform 40 years ago. As a result, more than celebrating the 40th anniversary of China’s rural reform, in 2018, the Editorial Office of China Agricultural Economic Review will organize a series of invited papers to review the development and change of the 40 years in agriculture and rural area from different aspects, and look ahead to what needs to be achieved in the future. The special section of this issue includes papers related to agricultural surplus laborers’ transfer and reallocation, farmland institution reform, farmers’ subsidy system, agricultural organizations and the role of farmer cooperatives, agri-environment policy for grain production, food consumption, rural education, and rural energy policy. We believe that these works will contribute to the current debates on agriculture and rural development in China and other countries with similar national conditions. Baozhong Su China Agricultural Economic Review p. 2 © Emerald Publishing Limited 1756-137X DOI 10.1108/CAER-12-2017-0236

Journal

China Agricultural Economic ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Feb 5, 2018

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