In 1916, despite the public housing initiatives of the late nineteenth century, nearly one quarter of Cork city's population of 80,000 lived in unsatisfactory housing. As elsewhere in Ireland and Great Britain, it was not until the 1920s that such initiatives made any impact. In Ireland, this coincided with the transition to independence, a growing interest in town planning and, in Cork, the commissionership of Philip Monahan who was to become the country's first city manager.This paper considers the Capwell municipal housing scheme, built 19268. Although a modest example of the influence of the Garden City Movement, it is highly symbolic of a new political era, being funded from compensation for the rebuilding of the City Hall which was burnt in 1920 by British Forces. Its development also reflects the efforts of a group of professionals and social reformers who sought to improve society through better housing and ideas from abroad. Amongst this group was Daniel Andrew Levie, a Scottish architect from Aberdeen who moved to Cork in 1901, and brought with him a keen concern for social issues along with his training in house design.
Architectural Heritage – Edinburgh University Press
Published: Nov 1, 2016