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John Erskine, 6 th and 11 th Earl of Mar (1675–1732): Architecture, Landscape and Industry

John Erskine, 6 th and 11 th Earl of Mar (1675–1732): Architecture, Landscape and Industry Margaret Stewart This paper briefly introduces the political background to Lord Mar's belief that economic and industrial developments were the preconditions for the restoration of Scotland's political autonomy following the Act of Union of 1707. It defines the term Scottish Historical Landscape, and describes and places Mar's design for his estate at Alloa in Clackmannanshire in the stylistic context of formal landscaping c.1700. There is a description of the Gartmorn System, a hydraulic engineering scheme devised for Mar by George Sorocold, the technology it used and its impact on industrial development in Clackmannanshire. Another scheme for supplying water to Alloa was designed by a French engineer and this is also described. The Alloa plan included forestry plantations, a new road network for the movement of coal to the harbour and harbour improvements. Mar was also aware of the need to house the population and to develop different areas for dwelling and industry. The ideas behind this complex scheme can be explained by an awareness of infrastructure planning in France and linked to Edward's tour in 1700 and to other activities of the Scottish Parliament before the union of 1707. I n t ro du c t i on http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architectural Heritage Edinburgh University Press

John Erskine, 6 th and 11 th Earl of Mar (1675–1732): Architecture, Landscape and Industry

Architectural Heritage , Volume 23 (1): 97 – Nov 1, 2012

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Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Copyright
© The Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, 2012
Subject
Bruce and his architectural contemporaries; Historical Studies
ISSN
1350-7524
eISSN
1755-1641
DOI
10.3366/arch.2012.0035
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Margaret Stewart This paper briefly introduces the political background to Lord Mar's belief that economic and industrial developments were the preconditions for the restoration of Scotland's political autonomy following the Act of Union of 1707. It defines the term Scottish Historical Landscape, and describes and places Mar's design for his estate at Alloa in Clackmannanshire in the stylistic context of formal landscaping c.1700. There is a description of the Gartmorn System, a hydraulic engineering scheme devised for Mar by George Sorocold, the technology it used and its impact on industrial development in Clackmannanshire. Another scheme for supplying water to Alloa was designed by a French engineer and this is also described. The Alloa plan included forestry plantations, a new road network for the movement of coal to the harbour and harbour improvements. Mar was also aware of the need to house the population and to develop different areas for dwelling and industry. The ideas behind this complex scheme can be explained by an awareness of infrastructure planning in France and linked to Edward's tour in 1700 and to other activities of the Scottish Parliament before the union of 1707. I n t ro du c t i on

Journal

Architectural HeritageEdinburgh University Press

Published: Nov 1, 2012

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