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Early Portland Cement: Its Use and Influence on Architectural Design

Early Portland Cement: Its Use and Influence on Architectural Design Early Portland Cement: Its Use and Influence on Architectural Design Very little has been written about early Portland cement in construction in Scotland, nor the impact it had within the space of a few decades on architectural design and detailing. In the remote North Highlands and in the Northern and Western Isles the use of cements was driven by the difficulties of procuring good building materials, and working them in an extremely hostile climate. Landowners in these areas were quick to react to the opportunities presented by alternative forms of construction. Until now, what little study has been afforded on the subject has assumed that the impact – if anything at all – had been confined to vernacular building construction without appreciating how the buildings of the coastal settlements, fuelled by the boom in the herring fisheries from the 1870s onwards, had been transformed. By the end of the century, some of Scotland’s most celebrated architects were not only familiar with the potential of Portland cement, but they were using it to novel effect. In the rush to recover an understanding of how lime should be used in building conservation in the late twentieth century, it would often http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Architectural Heritage Edinburgh University Press

Early Portland Cement: Its Use and Influence on Architectural Design

Architectural Heritage , Volume 22 (1): 99 – Nov 1, 2011

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Publisher
Edinburgh University Press
Copyright
© The Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, 2011
Subject
Historical Studies
ISSN
1350-7524
eISSN
1755-1641
DOI
10.3366/arch.2011.0020
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Early Portland Cement: Its Use and Influence on Architectural Design Very little has been written about early Portland cement in construction in Scotland, nor the impact it had within the space of a few decades on architectural design and detailing. In the remote North Highlands and in the Northern and Western Isles the use of cements was driven by the difficulties of procuring good building materials, and working them in an extremely hostile climate. Landowners in these areas were quick to react to the opportunities presented by alternative forms of construction. Until now, what little study has been afforded on the subject has assumed that the impact – if anything at all – had been confined to vernacular building construction without appreciating how the buildings of the coastal settlements, fuelled by the boom in the herring fisheries from the 1870s onwards, had been transformed. By the end of the century, some of Scotland’s most celebrated architects were not only familiar with the potential of Portland cement, but they were using it to novel effect. In the rush to recover an understanding of how lime should be used in building conservation in the late twentieth century, it would often

Journal

Architectural HeritageEdinburgh University Press

Published: Nov 1, 2011

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