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Turning Counterhegemony into HegemonyThe Creation of “New Turkey” through Discursive Governance

Turning Counterhegemony into HegemonyThe Creation of “New Turkey” through Discursive Governance This article attempts to show how government-supported women’s NGOs (GO-NGOs) in Turkey actively contribute to the construction of neoliberal, conservative, antigender discourses of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government. Since the second decade of the 2000s, Turkey has undergone rapid de-democratization as a result of AKP’s election victories, which have brought with them a major backlash against gender equality policies. Moreover, a new political discourse constructed by the government has replaced the concept of gender equality with gender justice and gender equity. Relying on seven semistructured in-depth interviews with members of GO-NGOs and a review of primary and secondary documents, this article contends that the civil society established under the so-called New Turkey situates it in the construction of antigender and antiwomen’s rights discourse. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Middle East Women s Studies Duke University Press

Turning Counterhegemony into HegemonyThe Creation of “New Turkey” through Discursive Governance

Turning Counterhegemony into HegemonyThe Creation of “New Turkey” through Discursive Governance

Downloaded from http://read.dukeupress.edu/jmews/article-pdf/19/2/167/1982871/167eslenziya.pdf by DEEPDYVE INC user on 12 August 2023 Turning Counterhegemony into Hegemony The Creation of “New Turkey” through Discursive Governance HANDE E SLEN- Z IYA and N A ZLI KAZANO Ğ LU ABSTRACT This article attempts to show how government-supported women’s NGOs (GO- NGOs) in Turkey actively contribute to the construction of neoliberal, conservative, antigender discourses of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government. Since the second decade of the 2000s, Turkey has undergone rapid de-democratization as a result of AKP’s election victories, which have brought with them a major backlash against gender equality policies. Moreover, a new political discourse constructed by the government has replaced the concept of gender equality with gender justice and gender equity. Relying on seven semistructured in- depth interviews with members of GO-NGOs and a review of primary and secondary docu- ments, this article contends that the civil society established under the so-called New Turkey situates it in the construction of antigender and antiwomen’s rights discourse. KEYWORDS GO-NGOs, discursive governance, gender equality, new Turkey, antigenderism overnment-supported nongovernmental organizations (GO-NGOs) play avital G role, especially in authoritarian contexts. According to Reza Hasmath,Timothy Hildebrandt, and Jennifer Y. J. Hsu (2019), current theories on such organizations discuss their goal of undermining democracies and liberal democratic values. They aremostly viewedasdangerous,astheyact underrepressivegovernments and threaten to control the rest of civil society (Naim 2007). These organizations, financed by the government and created under the state’s directive, provide aid � � � JMEWS Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies 19:2 July 2023 DOI 10.1215/15525864-10462326 © 2023 by the...
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Copyright
Copyright © 2023 by the Association for Middle East Women’s Studies
ISSN
1552-5864
eISSN
1558-9579
DOI
10.1215/15525864-10462326
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article attempts to show how government-supported women’s NGOs (GO-NGOs) in Turkey actively contribute to the construction of neoliberal, conservative, antigender discourses of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government. Since the second decade of the 2000s, Turkey has undergone rapid de-democratization as a result of AKP’s election victories, which have brought with them a major backlash against gender equality policies. Moreover, a new political discourse constructed by the government has replaced the concept of gender equality with gender justice and gender equity. Relying on seven semistructured in-depth interviews with members of GO-NGOs and a review of primary and secondary documents, this article contends that the civil society established under the so-called New Turkey situates it in the construction of antigender and antiwomen’s rights discourse.

Journal

Journal of Middle East Women s StudiesDuke University Press

Published: Jul 1, 2023

References