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SARS-CoV-2: A critical review of preventive and control measures in the context of the virus’ characteristics

SARS-CoV-2: A critical review of preventive and control measures in the context of the virus’... AbstractThe year 2020 has been marked by the novel coronavirus, named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic on the 11th of March 2020 due to the spread of this very contagious virus throughout the world. Since the outbreak, we have gained many insights about the virus, its presence and persistence in the environment and its possible and most common transmission routes. Such knowledge about the virus is invaluable for establishing effective preventive and control measures (also referred to as Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs)) that have become a key to tackling this pandemic in the absence of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. In this review, we discuss five main groups of NPIs: 1) ventilation, 2) cleaning and disinfection, 3) hand hygiene, 4) physical distancing, and 5) protective masks. We explore their shortcomings and potential negative consequences that might occur as unwanted side effects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sanitarno inženirstvo International Journal of Sanitary Engineering Research de Gruyter

SARS-CoV-2: A critical review of preventive and control measures in the context of the virus’ characteristics

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2020 Manca Alič et al., published by Sciendo
eISSN
1855-0452
DOI
10.2478/ijser-2020-0003
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThe year 2020 has been marked by the novel coronavirus, named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic on the 11th of March 2020 due to the spread of this very contagious virus throughout the world. Since the outbreak, we have gained many insights about the virus, its presence and persistence in the environment and its possible and most common transmission routes. Such knowledge about the virus is invaluable for establishing effective preventive and control measures (also referred to as Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs)) that have become a key to tackling this pandemic in the absence of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. In this review, we discuss five main groups of NPIs: 1) ventilation, 2) cleaning and disinfection, 3) hand hygiene, 4) physical distancing, and 5) protective masks. We explore their shortcomings and potential negative consequences that might occur as unwanted side effects.

Journal

Sanitarno inženirstvo International Journal of Sanitary Engineering Researchde Gruyter

Published: Dec 1, 2020

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; transmission routes; presence; persistence; preventive measures; NPIs

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