Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Ruling through Fear. Cyrus the Great in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia

Ruling through Fear. Cyrus the Great in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia SummaryThis paper explores Xenophon’s depiction of Cyrus the Great as a ruler in the Cyropaedia. Xenophon’s Cyrus is often regarded by the scholarship as an ideal, benevolent leader sincerely concerned with virtue, friendship, and honour-related dynamics. However, it is clear that Cyrus equally resorts to malicious and divisive means, employing psychological subjugation, fostering mutual rivalry among his friends, and weakening his subjects. His actions ultimately arouse fear, envy, and insecurity, as Cyrus displays some of the typical features of a tyrant. Xenophon possibly meant to show how Cyrus, by successfully balancing different and contrasting aspects, succeeded in maintaining power no matter the costs by ‘domesticating’ his subjects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Klio de Gruyter

Ruling through Fear. Cyrus the Great in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia

Klio , Volume 105 (2): 20 – Nov 1, 2023

Loading next page...
 
/lp/de-gruyter/ruling-through-fear-cyrus-the-great-in-xenophon-s-cyropaedia-OThsQFWQZr

References (38)

Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2023 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
2192-7669
eISSN
2192-7669
DOI
10.1515/klio-2023-0005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SummaryThis paper explores Xenophon’s depiction of Cyrus the Great as a ruler in the Cyropaedia. Xenophon’s Cyrus is often regarded by the scholarship as an ideal, benevolent leader sincerely concerned with virtue, friendship, and honour-related dynamics. However, it is clear that Cyrus equally resorts to malicious and divisive means, employing psychological subjugation, fostering mutual rivalry among his friends, and weakening his subjects. His actions ultimately arouse fear, envy, and insecurity, as Cyrus displays some of the typical features of a tyrant. Xenophon possibly meant to show how Cyrus, by successfully balancing different and contrasting aspects, succeeded in maintaining power no matter the costs by ‘domesticating’ his subjects.

Journal

Kliode Gruyter

Published: Nov 1, 2023

Keywords: phobos; phthonos; Leadership; Honour; Tyranny; Emotions

There are no references for this article.