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Radiocarbon Dated Pulse and Cereal Crops Indicate Diachronic Use of Iron Age Extreme Upland Sites in the Western Carpathians, Slovakia

Radiocarbon Dated Pulse and Cereal Crops Indicate Diachronic Use of Iron Age Extreme Upland Sites... AbstractMountain summits in the Slovak part of the Western Carpathians bear evidence of human presence from the Late Bronze to the Late Iron Age. According to fire-induced changes in archaeological record and finds of weaponry, some of the extreme upland sites (EUS) were viewed as places of safety or refugia violently destroyed within a short period. We have focussed on three sites with summits at 1300–1550 m a. s. l. and found out that two of them were used in 650–400 calBC and 390–150 calBC, respectively. By the first systematic use of 14C dating and targeted 14C sampling, we have overcome the inherent chronological imprecision of their artefactual record and opened new vistas for interpretation of this type of sites. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Geochronometria de Gruyter

Radiocarbon Dated Pulse and Cereal Crops Indicate Diachronic Use of Iron Age Extreme Upland Sites in the Western Carpathians, Slovakia

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References (44)

Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2023 Peter Barta et al., published by Sciendo
ISSN
1897-1695
eISSN
1897-1695
DOI
10.2478/geochr-2023-0001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractMountain summits in the Slovak part of the Western Carpathians bear evidence of human presence from the Late Bronze to the Late Iron Age. According to fire-induced changes in archaeological record and finds of weaponry, some of the extreme upland sites (EUS) were viewed as places of safety or refugia violently destroyed within a short period. We have focussed on three sites with summits at 1300–1550 m a. s. l. and found out that two of them were used in 650–400 calBC and 390–150 calBC, respectively. By the first systematic use of 14C dating and targeted 14C sampling, we have overcome the inherent chronological imprecision of their artefactual record and opened new vistas for interpretation of this type of sites.

Journal

Geochronometriade Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 2023

Keywords: radiocarbon; cereal and pulse crops; mountain summit sites; Hallstatt Period; La Tène Period

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