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Making communicative performance relevant. A commentary

Making communicative performance relevant. A commentary Eric Vatikiotis-BatEson University of British Columbia 1. Introduction I have been asked to comment on three papers whose common link is perhaps best described as expanding the scope of linguistically relevant analysis to include factors critical to spoken communication, but previously regarded as extraneous to understanding linguistic behavior and organization. The papers by BorràsComes and Prieto and by Swerts in this issue focus on visual behaviors ­ gestures ­ that occur while speaking and that are of equal or greater importance in conveying certain types of meaning during spoken interaction than the acoustics. The approaches of the two papers are quite different: Borràs-Comes and Prieto attempt a nuts and bolts demonstration, using careful manipulation of multisensory stimuli, that perceivers can rely more heavily on visual information from the face than on the acoustic information for parsing the difference between statements and short echo questions verifying something previously stated. Swerts, on the other hand, demonstrates the efficacy of expressive gestures for perceiving meaning using stimuli extracted from more natural spoken interactions. The third paper, by Walker and Hay (2011), shows that performance factors, indicative for example of a speaker's age, may be critical to understanding the organization of the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Laboratory Phonology de Gruyter

Making communicative performance relevant. A commentary

Laboratory Phonology , Volume 3 (1) – May 25, 2012

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by the
ISSN
1868-6346
eISSN
1868-6354
DOI
10.1515/lp-2012-0012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eric Vatikiotis-BatEson University of British Columbia 1. Introduction I have been asked to comment on three papers whose common link is perhaps best described as expanding the scope of linguistically relevant analysis to include factors critical to spoken communication, but previously regarded as extraneous to understanding linguistic behavior and organization. The papers by BorràsComes and Prieto and by Swerts in this issue focus on visual behaviors ­ gestures ­ that occur while speaking and that are of equal or greater importance in conveying certain types of meaning during spoken interaction than the acoustics. The approaches of the two papers are quite different: Borràs-Comes and Prieto attempt a nuts and bolts demonstration, using careful manipulation of multisensory stimuli, that perceivers can rely more heavily on visual information from the face than on the acoustic information for parsing the difference between statements and short echo questions verifying something previously stated. Swerts, on the other hand, demonstrates the efficacy of expressive gestures for perceiving meaning using stimuli extracted from more natural spoken interactions. The third paper, by Walker and Hay (2011), shows that performance factors, indicative for example of a speaker's age, may be critical to understanding the organization of the

Journal

Laboratory Phonologyde Gruyter

Published: May 25, 2012

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