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Lutheran Orthodoxy’s Anglican Connection: Johann Gerhard’s Uncredited Use of William Whitaker in his 1625 Exegesis sive uberior explicatio articulorum de scriptura sacra

Lutheran Orthodoxy’s Anglican Connection: Johann Gerhard’s Uncredited Use of William Whitaker in... Lutheran Orthodoxy’s Anglican Connection: Johann Gerhard’s Uncredited Use of William Whitaker in his 1625 Exegesis sive uberior explicatio articulorum de scriptura sacra By Steven R. J. Parks INTRODUCTION FromtheverydawnoftheReformation,theperspicuity,orclarity,ofscripture had been pressed by Martin Luther (1483–1546) against his theological ad- versaries. Though it was perhaps only implied in his earliest writings, it was explicitlydetailedinhislaterworks. Thereformer’sdoctrinewasadoptedand defended by influential contemporaries such as Philipp Melanchthon (1497– 1560) in addition to later leading German theologians, such as Martin 1. Abbreviations – CR: Philipp Melanchthon, Opera quae supersunt omnia, Corpus refor- matorum(Halle:Schwetschke,1834–1860);WA:D.MartinLuthersWerke:KritischeGesamt- ausgabe,73 vols.(Weimar:Böhlau,1885–2009).Alltranslationsinthisessayaretheauthor’s unlessotherwise noted. 2. For example, the first three of his Ninety-Five Theses of 1517 presuppose that the meaning of the Greek verb μετανοέω and the entire matter of “repentance” is clearly ex- plained in the scriptures (WA 1:530–533). Among the earliest works in which Luther expli- citly defends the clarity of scripture is his Assertio omnium articulorum M.Lutheriper bullam Leonis X in 1520, in which he argued concerning scripture: “that it is, in and of itself, so certain, simple, and clear that scripture interprets itself and tests, judges, and illuminates everythingelse” (hoc est, ut sitipsa per sese certissima, facillima, apertissima,sui ipsius interpres, omniumomniaprobans,iudicansetilluminans).WA7:97.By1525,Lutherevidencesadevel- oped doctrine of the clarity of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte - Archive for Reformation History de Gruyter

Lutheran Orthodoxy’s Anglican Connection: Johann Gerhard’s Uncredited Use of William Whitaker in his 1625 Exegesis sive uberior explicatio articulorum de scriptura sacra

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 by Gütersloher Verlagshaus
eISSN
2198-0489
DOI
10.14315/arg-2021-1120110
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Abstract

Lutheran Orthodoxy’s Anglican Connection: Johann Gerhard’s Uncredited Use of William Whitaker in his 1625 Exegesis sive uberior explicatio articulorum de scriptura sacra By Steven R. J. Parks INTRODUCTION FromtheverydawnoftheReformation,theperspicuity,orclarity,ofscripture had been pressed by Martin Luther (1483–1546) against his theological ad- versaries. Though it was perhaps only implied in his earliest writings, it was explicitlydetailedinhislaterworks. Thereformer’sdoctrinewasadoptedand defended by influential contemporaries such as Philipp Melanchthon (1497– 1560) in addition to later leading German theologians, such as Martin 1. Abbreviations – CR: Philipp Melanchthon, Opera quae supersunt omnia, Corpus refor- matorum(Halle:Schwetschke,1834–1860);WA:D.MartinLuthersWerke:KritischeGesamt- ausgabe,73 vols.(Weimar:Böhlau,1885–2009).Alltranslationsinthisessayaretheauthor’s unlessotherwise noted. 2. For example, the first three of his Ninety-Five Theses of 1517 presuppose that the meaning of the Greek verb μετανοέω and the entire matter of “repentance” is clearly ex- plained in the scriptures (WA 1:530–533). Among the earliest works in which Luther expli- citly defends the clarity of scripture is his Assertio omnium articulorum M.Lutheriper bullam Leonis X in 1520, in which he argued concerning scripture: “that it is, in and of itself, so certain, simple, and clear that scripture interprets itself and tests, judges, and illuminates everythingelse” (hoc est, ut sitipsa per sese certissima, facillima, apertissima,sui ipsius interpres, omniumomniaprobans,iudicansetilluminans).WA7:97.By1525,Lutherevidencesadevel- oped doctrine of the clarity of

Journal

Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte - Archive for Reformation Historyde Gruyter

Published: Oct 1, 2021

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