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Influence of pattern anisotropy on the structural behaviour of free-edge single-layer gridshells

Influence of pattern anisotropy on the structural behaviour of free-edge single-layer gridshells AbstractFree-edge gridshells represent the majority of built gridshells. Indeed, the gridshell reference geometry usually needs to be trimmed in order to provide building access or to insert the gridshell within an existing building, giving rise to one or more elastic boundaries. Despite the current design practice, so far a very limited number of scientific studies has been devoted to investigate the influence of elastic boundaries on the overall structural behaviour of gridshells. This paper focuses on the effects of the orientation of the boundary structure with respect to the grid direction. This is done by studying the buckling behaviour of an ideal single-layer steel gridshell, for different grid layout (quadrangular, hybrid, triangular) and orientation. The results of the parametric study demonstrate that the sensitivity of free-edge single-layer gridshells to the free-edge orientation strongly depends on the grid pattern. In particular, isotropic gridshells have shown an almost negligible influence of the free-edge orientation in terms of buckling load, in opposition to orthotropic gridshells. Moreover, the change in free-edge orientation induces significant variations of the global structural stiffness for all the layouts, resulting in possibly unacceptable displacements in service conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Curved and Layered Structures de Gruyter

Influence of pattern anisotropy on the structural behaviour of free-edge single-layer gridshells

Curved and Layered Structures , Volume 8 (1): 11 – Jan 1, 2021

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 Fiammetta Venuti, published by De Gruyter
eISSN
2353-7396
DOI
10.1515/cls-2021-0011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractFree-edge gridshells represent the majority of built gridshells. Indeed, the gridshell reference geometry usually needs to be trimmed in order to provide building access or to insert the gridshell within an existing building, giving rise to one or more elastic boundaries. Despite the current design practice, so far a very limited number of scientific studies has been devoted to investigate the influence of elastic boundaries on the overall structural behaviour of gridshells. This paper focuses on the effects of the orientation of the boundary structure with respect to the grid direction. This is done by studying the buckling behaviour of an ideal single-layer steel gridshell, for different grid layout (quadrangular, hybrid, triangular) and orientation. The results of the parametric study demonstrate that the sensitivity of free-edge single-layer gridshells to the free-edge orientation strongly depends on the grid pattern. In particular, isotropic gridshells have shown an almost negligible influence of the free-edge orientation in terms of buckling load, in opposition to orthotropic gridshells. Moreover, the change in free-edge orientation induces significant variations of the global structural stiffness for all the layouts, resulting in possibly unacceptable displacements in service conditions.

Journal

Curved and Layered Structuresde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 2021

Keywords: single-layer gridshell; free-edge; anisotropy; grid pattern; buckling

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