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Antileishmanial, antibacterial and cytotoxicity activity of the extracts, fractions, and compounds from the fruits and stem bark extracts of Pentadesma butyracea Sabine

Antileishmanial, antibacterial and cytotoxicity activity of the extracts, fractions, and... AbstractThe search for antileishmanial plants used in traditional medicine led to the choice of CH2Cl2–MeOH (1:1) crude extract of the fruits and stem bark of Pentadesma butyracea Sabine (Clusiaceae) which displayed good activity in vitro against Leishmania donovani 1S (MHOM/SD/62/1S) promastigotes during preliminary screening with IC50 values 5.96 and 26.43 μg mL−1, respectively. The fractionation of both extracts using flash chromatography yielded active fractions with IC50 values ranging from 2.71 to 18.88 μg mL−1. Fourteen compounds (1–14) were isolated from the obtained fractions using successive column chromatographies and their structures were elucidated based on the analysis of their NMR and MS data. Daphnifolin (1), epicathechin (3), α-mangostin (9) and 9-hydroxycalabaxanthone (14) exhibited potent antileismanial activity against L. donovani 1S (MHOM/SD/62/1S) promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.01, 9.09, 3.37, and 6.87 μg mL−1, respectively and good selectivity towards Raw 264.7 macrophage cells (SI > 2.4). Extracts, fractions and some isolates were also assessed in vitro for their antibacterial activity against six bacterial strains [Salmonella typhi (CPC), Enterobacter cloacae (CPC), Pseudomonas aeruginosa HM801, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300, Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 491619, Escherichia coli ATCC 25322] using serial microdilution method. Among the tested samples, the stem bark extract of P. butyracea as well as compounds 2 and 8 showed good to moderate activity against the aforementioned bacterial strains with MIC ≤ 250 μg mL−1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B de Gruyter

Antileishmanial, antibacterial and cytotoxicity activity of the extracts, fractions, and compounds from the fruits and stem bark extracts of Pentadesma butyracea Sabine

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
ISSN
0932-0776
eISSN
1865-7117
DOI
10.1515/znb-2021-0077
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThe search for antileishmanial plants used in traditional medicine led to the choice of CH2Cl2–MeOH (1:1) crude extract of the fruits and stem bark of Pentadesma butyracea Sabine (Clusiaceae) which displayed good activity in vitro against Leishmania donovani 1S (MHOM/SD/62/1S) promastigotes during preliminary screening with IC50 values 5.96 and 26.43 μg mL−1, respectively. The fractionation of both extracts using flash chromatography yielded active fractions with IC50 values ranging from 2.71 to 18.88 μg mL−1. Fourteen compounds (1–14) were isolated from the obtained fractions using successive column chromatographies and their structures were elucidated based on the analysis of their NMR and MS data. Daphnifolin (1), epicathechin (3), α-mangostin (9) and 9-hydroxycalabaxanthone (14) exhibited potent antileismanial activity against L. donovani 1S (MHOM/SD/62/1S) promastigotes with IC50 values of 2.01, 9.09, 3.37, and 6.87 μg mL−1, respectively and good selectivity towards Raw 264.7 macrophage cells (SI > 2.4). Extracts, fractions and some isolates were also assessed in vitro for their antibacterial activity against six bacterial strains [Salmonella typhi (CPC), Enterobacter cloacae (CPC), Pseudomonas aeruginosa HM801, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300, Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 491619, Escherichia coli ATCC 25322] using serial microdilution method. Among the tested samples, the stem bark extract of P. butyracea as well as compounds 2 and 8 showed good to moderate activity against the aforementioned bacterial strains with MIC ≤ 250 μg mL−1.

Journal

Zeitschrift für Naturforschung Bde Gruyter

Published: Jan 27, 2022

Keywords: antibacterial; antileishmanial; clusiaceae; cytotoxicity; Pentadesma butyracea

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