Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Australian animals as models in physiological studies

Australian animals as models in physiological studies CSIRO PUBLISHING Australian Journal of Zoology, 2020, 68, 167 Introduction https://doi.org/10.1071/ZOv68n4_IN Paul Cooper School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Email: paul.cooper@anu.edu.au This special issue of the Australian Journal of Zoology drier habitats than other ringtail possums and koalas. This consists of papers that were initially to be presented at the 37th technique can be extended to understand whether current annual meeting of the Australia–New Zealand Society of animal distributions are based on environmental changes or in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry in December 2020. response to other causes. However, the meeting was postponed as a result of the Zhou et al.(2020) use morphological and physiological COVID-19 pandemic. The meeting was to be held in 2021, but data to explain how the foreguts of crickets and locusts differ has been postponed again, because of the effects of the delta in their initial handling of food. The main anatomical strain of COVID-19 and the shutdown of New South Wales, difference is the presence of the proventriculus in crickets, but Victoria, the ACT and New Zealand, resulting in limited travel the main physiological difference is the force of contraction in throughout Australia and New Zealand. To keep the meeting the locusts. The locusts use the forceful contractions of the alive and to aim for a meeting in 2022 when vaccinations will foregut to compress the food and remove more of the water and permit a return to in-person meetings, we present a paper that potentially the soluble nutrients before moving the food into was to be one of the keynote addresses and two submitted the midgut, while the crickets spend more time reducing papers that indicate the breadth of comparative physiology and the food particle size before passing the food through the biochemistry research present in Australia and New Zealand. proventriculus into the midgut. The action of the foregut of ‘Australian lizards are outstanding models for reproductive the locusts is one reason that they can consume food at a faster biology research’ (Van Dyke et al. 2020) is a review of work rate and may be part of the reason that locusts are able to that has been done on this group of reptiles and covers a wide consume large quantities of agricultural fields during periods range of topics that investigate various aspects of reproduction. of outbreak. The paper starts with a discussion of the wide distribution of lizard habitats and diversity of lizards in those habitats, and Conflicts of interest how that allows for studies that are interested in how habitat The author declares no conflicts of interest. may influence lizard evolution and ecology. The paper then continues with 10 different areas of study on different aspects of reproduction that have been investigated using various References lizard taxa. Besides reviewing the literature on the various Cooper, C. E., Withers, P. C., and Turner, J. M. (2020). Physiological topics, the sections also indicate which areas require further implications of climate change for a critically endangered Australian study. Whether a person is a researcher in lizard biology, or marsupial. Australian Journal of Zoology 68,200–211. doi:10.1071/ simply interested in learning about diversity of reproductive ZO20067 traits and behaviour, this review article will be useful for Van Dyke, J. U., Thompson, M. B., Burridge, C. P., Castelli, M. A., understanding how Australian lizards have provided a fertile Clulow, S., Dissanayake, D. S. B., Dong, C. M., Doody, J. S., Edwards, D. L., Ezaz, T., Friesen, C. R., Gardner, M. G., Georges, area of research. A., Higgie, M., Hill, P. L., Holleley, C. E., Hoops, D., Hoskin, C. J., In a study of the western ringtail possum, Pseudocheirus Merry, D. L., Riley, J. L., Wapstra, E., While, G. M., Whiteley, S. L., occidentalis,Cooper et al.(2020) point out the importance of Whiting, M. J., Zozaya, S. M., and Whittington, C. M. (2020). comparative and general physiological traits for understanding Australian lizards are outstanding models for reproductive biology species distribution and potential for adjusting to changes in research. Australian Journal of Zoology 68,168–199. doi:10.1071/ environment that can challenge the range of environmental ZO21017 conditions that limit species. In this paper, they use the Point of Zhou, S., Woodman, J. D., Chen, H., and Cooper, P. D. (2020). The role Relative Water Economy (PRWE) determined from changes in of the foregut in digestion in the cricket Teleogryllus commodus and metabolism, metabolic water production and evaporative the locust Chortoicetes terminifera. Australian Journal of Zoology water loss to explain how this species can survive in hotter and 68,212–221. doi:10.1071/ZO20092 Journal compilation  CSIRO 2020 www.publish.csiro.au/journals/ajz http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australian Journal of Zoology CSIRO Publishing

Australian animals as models in physiological studies

Australian Journal of Zoology , Volume 68 (4): 1 – Oct 14, 2021

Loading next page...
 
/lp/csiro-publishing/australian-animals-as-models-in-physiological-studies-QvRmY6GXeE
Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © American Meteorological Society
ISSN
0004-959X
eISSN
1446-5698
DOI
10.1071/ZOv68n4_IN
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

CSIRO PUBLISHING Australian Journal of Zoology, 2020, 68, 167 Introduction https://doi.org/10.1071/ZOv68n4_IN Paul Cooper School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Email: paul.cooper@anu.edu.au This special issue of the Australian Journal of Zoology drier habitats than other ringtail possums and koalas. This consists of papers that were initially to be presented at the 37th technique can be extended to understand whether current annual meeting of the Australia–New Zealand Society of animal distributions are based on environmental changes or in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry in December 2020. response to other causes. However, the meeting was postponed as a result of the Zhou et al.(2020) use morphological and physiological COVID-19 pandemic. The meeting was to be held in 2021, but data to explain how the foreguts of crickets and locusts differ has been postponed again, because of the effects of the delta in their initial handling of food. The main anatomical strain of COVID-19 and the shutdown of New South Wales, difference is the presence of the proventriculus in crickets, but Victoria, the ACT and New Zealand, resulting in limited travel the main physiological difference is the force of contraction in throughout Australia and New Zealand. To keep the meeting the locusts. The locusts use the forceful contractions of the alive and to aim for a meeting in 2022 when vaccinations will foregut to compress the food and remove more of the water and permit a return to in-person meetings, we present a paper that potentially the soluble nutrients before moving the food into was to be one of the keynote addresses and two submitted the midgut, while the crickets spend more time reducing papers that indicate the breadth of comparative physiology and the food particle size before passing the food through the biochemistry research present in Australia and New Zealand. proventriculus into the midgut. The action of the foregut of ‘Australian lizards are outstanding models for reproductive the locusts is one reason that they can consume food at a faster biology research’ (Van Dyke et al. 2020) is a review of work rate and may be part of the reason that locusts are able to that has been done on this group of reptiles and covers a wide consume large quantities of agricultural fields during periods range of topics that investigate various aspects of reproduction. of outbreak. The paper starts with a discussion of the wide distribution of lizard habitats and diversity of lizards in those habitats, and Conflicts of interest how that allows for studies that are interested in how habitat The author declares no conflicts of interest. may influence lizard evolution and ecology. The paper then continues with 10 different areas of study on different aspects of reproduction that have been investigated using various References lizard taxa. Besides reviewing the literature on the various Cooper, C. E., Withers, P. C., and Turner, J. M. (2020). Physiological topics, the sections also indicate which areas require further implications of climate change for a critically endangered Australian study. Whether a person is a researcher in lizard biology, or marsupial. Australian Journal of Zoology 68,200–211. doi:10.1071/ simply interested in learning about diversity of reproductive ZO20067 traits and behaviour, this review article will be useful for Van Dyke, J. U., Thompson, M. B., Burridge, C. P., Castelli, M. A., understanding how Australian lizards have provided a fertile Clulow, S., Dissanayake, D. S. B., Dong, C. M., Doody, J. S., Edwards, D. L., Ezaz, T., Friesen, C. R., Gardner, M. G., Georges, area of research. A., Higgie, M., Hill, P. L., Holleley, C. E., Hoops, D., Hoskin, C. J., In a study of the western ringtail possum, Pseudocheirus Merry, D. L., Riley, J. L., Wapstra, E., While, G. M., Whiteley, S. L., occidentalis,Cooper et al.(2020) point out the importance of Whiting, M. J., Zozaya, S. M., and Whittington, C. M. (2020). comparative and general physiological traits for understanding Australian lizards are outstanding models for reproductive biology species distribution and potential for adjusting to changes in research. Australian Journal of Zoology 68,168–199. doi:10.1071/ environment that can challenge the range of environmental ZO21017 conditions that limit species. In this paper, they use the Point of Zhou, S., Woodman, J. D., Chen, H., and Cooper, P. D. (2020). The role Relative Water Economy (PRWE) determined from changes in of the foregut in digestion in the cricket Teleogryllus commodus and metabolism, metabolic water production and evaporative the locust Chortoicetes terminifera. Australian Journal of Zoology water loss to explain how this species can survive in hotter and 68,212–221. doi:10.1071/ZO20092 Journal compilation  CSIRO 2020 www.publish.csiro.au/journals/ajz

Journal

Australian Journal of ZoologyCSIRO Publishing

Published: Oct 14, 2021

There are no references for this article.