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'Translation and Midrash Completely Fused Together'? The Form of the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations and Qohelet

'Translation and Midrash Completely Fused Together'? The Form of the Targums to Canticles,... © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/147783511X594861 Aramaic Studies 9 . 1 ( 2011 ) 83 – 99 Aramaic Studies www.brill.nl/arst ‘Translation and Midrash Completely Fused Together’? The Form of the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations and Qohelet Philip Alexander Centre for Jewish Studies, University of Manchester 1 . Sperber’s classification of the Targumim In volume IVA of his monumental edition of the Bible in Aramaic, Alexander Sperber proposed briefly a suggestive classification of the Targums. 1 Behind this classification lurks a theory of the evolution of Targumic form which sees Targum starting out fundamentally as literal translation (best exemplified, no doubt, by Onqelos), into which Midrash was later inserted. The gradual incorporation of Midrashic elements went through three phases. In phase one Quellen-Scheidung is still possible, that is to say, one can still separate Targum from the Midrash. This phase is represented by Targum Chronicles and Targum Ruth. In stage two, separation is no longer possible: Targum and Midrash are completely and inextricably fused together. This phase is represented by the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations, and Qohelet. In phase three, Midrash entirely takes over, swamping the Targumic element, which is e ff ectively lost. This stage is http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

'Translation and Midrash Completely Fused Together'? The Form of the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations and Qohelet

Aramaic Studies , Volume 9 (1): 83 – Jan 1, 2011

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/147783511X594861
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/147783511X594861 Aramaic Studies 9 . 1 ( 2011 ) 83 – 99 Aramaic Studies www.brill.nl/arst ‘Translation and Midrash Completely Fused Together’? The Form of the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations and Qohelet Philip Alexander Centre for Jewish Studies, University of Manchester 1 . Sperber’s classification of the Targumim In volume IVA of his monumental edition of the Bible in Aramaic, Alexander Sperber proposed briefly a suggestive classification of the Targums. 1 Behind this classification lurks a theory of the evolution of Targumic form which sees Targum starting out fundamentally as literal translation (best exemplified, no doubt, by Onqelos), into which Midrash was later inserted. The gradual incorporation of Midrashic elements went through three phases. In phase one Quellen-Scheidung is still possible, that is to say, one can still separate Targum from the Midrash. This phase is represented by Targum Chronicles and Targum Ruth. In stage two, separation is no longer possible: Targum and Midrash are completely and inextricably fused together. This phase is represented by the Targums to Canticles, Lamentations, and Qohelet. In phase three, Midrash entirely takes over, swamping the Targumic element, which is e ff ectively lost. This stage is

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

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