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The Three Rhotic Phonemes in Ṭyare Neo-Aramaic

The Three Rhotic Phonemes in Ṭyare Neo-Aramaic Whereas many North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic ( nena ) dialects exhibit two rhotic (R-) phonemes, mostly an alveolar / r / as opposed to an emphatic alveolar / ṛ /, a striking feature related to rhotic differentiation, hitherto attested only in the Christian nena dialect of Bariṭle, is a threefold distinction of retroflex, alveolar and emphatic alveolar R-phonemes. This article demonstrates that such a distinction exists also in the Christian nena dialect-cluster of Ṭyare, discusses the nature and distribution of each of the three R-phonemes in Ṭyare, and suggests a diachronic account of the threefold split of r in this dialect-cluster. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

The Three Rhotic Phonemes in Ṭyare Neo-Aramaic

Aramaic Studies , Volume 12 (2): 168 – Jan 1, 2014

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/17455227-01202004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Whereas many North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic ( nena ) dialects exhibit two rhotic (R-) phonemes, mostly an alveolar / r / as opposed to an emphatic alveolar / ṛ /, a striking feature related to rhotic differentiation, hitherto attested only in the Christian nena dialect of Bariṭle, is a threefold distinction of retroflex, alveolar and emphatic alveolar R-phonemes. This article demonstrates that such a distinction exists also in the Christian nena dialect-cluster of Ṭyare, discusses the nature and distribution of each of the three R-phonemes in Ṭyare, and suggests a diachronic account of the threefold split of r in this dialect-cluster.

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2014

Keywords: rhotic phoneme; retroflex rhotic phoneme; Ṭyare Neo-Aramaic; North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic ( nena ); inherited nena lexicon; Akkadian substrate words; classicisms

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