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The Temple of Achilles on the Island of Leuke in the Black Sea

The Temple of Achilles on the Island of Leuke in the Black Sea THE TEMPLE OF ACHILLES ON THE ISLAND OF LEUKE IN THE BLACK SEA ANNA S. RUSYAEVA In 2003 it will be 180 years since N.D. Kritskii, captain-lieutenant of the Black Sea  eet, discovered the architectural remains of a temple of Achilles on the island of Leuke (present-day Zmeinÿi). Kritskii also drew the Ž rst and unique plan of the temple, which unfortunately did not receive the scholarly acclaim it deserved. The aim of this article is to examine all the material known about this temple in order not only to reconstruct it graphically but also to rehabilitate the plan drawn by Kritskii. Worship of Achilles represents one of the most interesting phenomena of Greek religion in the North Pontic area, particularly in the Olbian state where his cult was most fully developed and where it reached its apogee in the Ž rst centuries AD when Achilles was venerated as Pontarchos, the Master of Pontus. From the beginning of the Milesian colonization of the Pontus, the cult of Achilles on Leuke had pan-Hellenic signiŽ cance. Already by the end of the seventh – beginning of the sixth century BC, in a hymn intended for performance in the Achilleion http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia Brill

The Temple of Achilles on the Island of Leuke in the Black Sea

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2003 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0929-077X
eISSN
1570-0577
DOI
10.1163/157005703322114810
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THE TEMPLE OF ACHILLES ON THE ISLAND OF LEUKE IN THE BLACK SEA ANNA S. RUSYAEVA In 2003 it will be 180 years since N.D. Kritskii, captain-lieutenant of the Black Sea  eet, discovered the architectural remains of a temple of Achilles on the island of Leuke (present-day Zmeinÿi). Kritskii also drew the Ž rst and unique plan of the temple, which unfortunately did not receive the scholarly acclaim it deserved. The aim of this article is to examine all the material known about this temple in order not only to reconstruct it graphically but also to rehabilitate the plan drawn by Kritskii. Worship of Achilles represents one of the most interesting phenomena of Greek religion in the North Pontic area, particularly in the Olbian state where his cult was most fully developed and where it reached its apogee in the Ž rst centuries AD when Achilles was venerated as Pontarchos, the Master of Pontus. From the beginning of the Milesian colonization of the Pontus, the cult of Achilles on Leuke had pan-Hellenic signiŽ cance. Already by the end of the seventh – beginning of the sixth century BC, in a hymn intended for performance in the Achilleion

Journal

Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to SiberiaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2003

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