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The Semantics of Fire in the Targumim

The Semantics of Fire in the Targumim ‭Aramaic has two words for fire: nūr and ʾiššā . Utilizing the targumim as a corpus and qualia roles for classification, this paper presents a clearer understanding of the lexical meaning for the two words. In the earliest targumim, ʾiššā is a natural kind governed by a sacred agent. The word nūr , however, is an artifactual kind with a profane agent and an explicit purpose. Since the two words share the same Formal Role (same physical substance), there is a degree of overlap which led at first to their interchangeability and later to the predominance of nūr .‬ http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

The Semantics of Fire in the Targumim

Aramaic Studies , Volume 11 (2): 149 – Jan 1, 2013

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References (1)

Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/17455227-13110204
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

‭Aramaic has two words for fire: nūr and ʾiššā . Utilizing the targumim as a corpus and qualia roles for classification, this paper presents a clearer understanding of the lexical meaning for the two words. In the earliest targumim, ʾiššā is a natural kind governed by a sacred agent. The word nūr , however, is an artifactual kind with a profane agent and an explicit purpose. Since the two words share the same Formal Role (same physical substance), there is a degree of overlap which led at first to their interchangeability and later to the predominance of nūr .‬

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2013

Keywords: Aramaic; Targum; semantics; fire; qualia; nūr; ʾiššā

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