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Targum a Misnomer for Midrash? Towards a Typology for the Targum Sheni of Esther

Targum a Misnomer for Midrash? Towards a Typology for the Targum Sheni of Esther © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/147783511X594843 Aramaic Studies 9 . 1 ( 2011 ) 47 – 63 Aramaic Studies www.brill.nl/arst Targum a Misnomer for Midrash? Towards a Typology for the Targum Sheni of Esther Robert Hayward University of Durham The title of this paper evokes the well known description which Alexander Sperber applied to Targum Sheni of Esther in his 1968 publication The Bible in Aramaic IVA . 1 Pointing out that he had made no attempt to produce a critical edition of Targum Sheni, or of any other Targum included in that volume, Sperber remarked: ‘The reason for it is obvious: these texts are not Targum- texts but Midrash-texts in the disguise of Targum’. 2 Roger le Déaut points out that the categorising of Targum Sheni as more Midrash than Targum is found already in the work of Leopold Zunz; and this position has had many advocates since Zunz’s time. 3 This state of a ff airs may, perhaps, be reflected in earlier sources: Tosafot at b. Hag. 11 a speak of this Aramaic text as 1) See A. Sperber, The Bible in Aramaic , IVA. The Hagiographa Transition from Translation to Midrash (Leiden: Brill, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

Targum a Misnomer for Midrash? Towards a Typology for the Targum Sheni of Esther

Aramaic Studies , Volume 9 (1): 47 – Jan 1, 2011

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/147783511X594843
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/147783511X594843 Aramaic Studies 9 . 1 ( 2011 ) 47 – 63 Aramaic Studies www.brill.nl/arst Targum a Misnomer for Midrash? Towards a Typology for the Targum Sheni of Esther Robert Hayward University of Durham The title of this paper evokes the well known description which Alexander Sperber applied to Targum Sheni of Esther in his 1968 publication The Bible in Aramaic IVA . 1 Pointing out that he had made no attempt to produce a critical edition of Targum Sheni, or of any other Targum included in that volume, Sperber remarked: ‘The reason for it is obvious: these texts are not Targum- texts but Midrash-texts in the disguise of Targum’. 2 Roger le Déaut points out that the categorising of Targum Sheni as more Midrash than Targum is found already in the work of Leopold Zunz; and this position has had many advocates since Zunz’s time. 3 This state of a ff airs may, perhaps, be reflected in earlier sources: Tosafot at b. Hag. 11 a speak of this Aramaic text as 1) See A. Sperber, The Bible in Aramaic , IVA. The Hagiographa Transition from Translation to Midrash (Leiden: Brill,

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

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