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Reexamination of the Bare Preterite Base in the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Zakho

Reexamination of the Bare Preterite Base in the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Zakho <jats:sec><jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>In Neo-Aramaic dialects the historic passive participle is used as the base form for the preterite tense. Nonetheless, the scholarly tradition saw it as a passive form, especially when it appears alone as a 'bare form'. A wide corpus study of Jewish Zakho Neo-Aramaic shows, however, that in some cases it is justified to see this form as bearing an active function. This is established through the examination of the information-structure associated with the form. A comparison to an older stratum of Neo-Aramaic, namely the Nerwa texts from the 17th century, provides a possible diachronic explanation of this change.</jats:p> </jats:sec> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

Reexamination of the Bare Preterite Base in the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Zakho

Aramaic Studies , Volume 6 (1): 59 – Jan 1, 2008

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2008 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/147783508X371286
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

<jats:sec><jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>In Neo-Aramaic dialects the historic passive participle is used as the base form for the preterite tense. Nonetheless, the scholarly tradition saw it as a passive form, especially when it appears alone as a 'bare form'. A wide corpus study of Jewish Zakho Neo-Aramaic shows, however, that in some cases it is justified to see this form as bearing an active function. This is established through the examination of the information-structure associated with the form. A comparison to an older stratum of Neo-Aramaic, namely the Nerwa texts from the 17th century, provides a possible diachronic explanation of this change.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2008

Keywords: DIACHRONY; INFORMATION-STRUCTURE; NEO-ARAMAIC; NERWA; ZAKHO; NENA; PRETERITE; ACTIVE; PASSIVE

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