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Reading Between the Red Lines: Loss and Damage and the Paris Outcome

Reading Between the Red Lines: Loss and Damage and the Paris Outcome For the least-developed countries and small-island states, excluding a standalone provision for loss and damage in the Paris Agreement constituted a red line, one that the negotiating groups refused to cross. For the developed world—and the United States in particular—any possible pathway to liability and compensation that a loss-and-damage provision might introduce was an equally bright and impassable red line. In the end, negotiators remained steadfast. Both lines remained more or less unbreached, and compromise language emerged in the Paris Outcome. 1 This article describes the process leading up to the Outcome, the language included in the loss-and-damage provision and its implications, and identifies questions that remain. In particular, the absence of a clear funding stream, the treatment of climate-related displacement, and questions regarding compensation for climate impacts are not completely resolved. These are, perhaps, the most compelling, confounding, and impactful elements of the loss-and-damage debate thus far. Based on the conclusion of the Paris cop , they are likely continue to animate the loss-and-damage discussion for the foreseeable future. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Climate Law Brill

Reading Between the Red Lines: Loss and Damage and the Paris Outcome

Climate Law , Volume 6 (1-2): 118 – May 6, 2016

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2016 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
Subject
Paris Agreement Articles
ISSN
1878-6553
eISSN
1878-6561
DOI
10.1163/18786561-00601008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

For the least-developed countries and small-island states, excluding a standalone provision for loss and damage in the Paris Agreement constituted a red line, one that the negotiating groups refused to cross. For the developed world—and the United States in particular—any possible pathway to liability and compensation that a loss-and-damage provision might introduce was an equally bright and impassable red line. In the end, negotiators remained steadfast. Both lines remained more or less unbreached, and compromise language emerged in the Paris Outcome. 1 This article describes the process leading up to the Outcome, the language included in the loss-and-damage provision and its implications, and identifies questions that remain. In particular, the absence of a clear funding stream, the treatment of climate-related displacement, and questions regarding compensation for climate impacts are not completely resolved. These are, perhaps, the most compelling, confounding, and impactful elements of the loss-and-damage debate thus far. Based on the conclusion of the Paris cop , they are likely continue to animate the loss-and-damage discussion for the foreseeable future.

Journal

Climate LawBrill

Published: May 6, 2016

Keywords: Loss and damage; migration; climate finance

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