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Fluctuations in State and Number among Nouns and Adjectives with the Gentilic Suffix in Samaritan Aramaic

Fluctuations in State and Number among Nouns and Adjectives with the Gentilic Suffix in Samaritan... AbstractIn Samaritan Aramaic we find the gentilic suffixes -’Cā:y, -’Cā: and -Cāʔi. Originally these suffixes signified different grammatical categories, but eventually they became interchangeable. This article examines all the forms with a gentilic suffix that are documented in the oral tradition of Samaritan Aramaic along with additional data derived from the manuscripts. It is suggested that fluctuations in state and number among these forms arose due to the phonetic resemblance between the various suffixes as well as due to the identical spelling of the suffixes -’Cā:y and -Cāʔi. It is shown that the manuscripts preserve traces of a more ancient stage of the use of gentilic suffixes and that most of the lexemes with the suffix are characterised by fossilised inflection. Thus, it is suggested that the fluctuations emerged during a later period, after Samaritan Aramaic was no longer spoken. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

Fluctuations in State and Number among Nouns and Adjectives with the Gentilic Suffix in Samaritan Aramaic

Aramaic Studies , Volume 17 (1): 13 – May 24, 2019

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/17455227-01701006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractIn Samaritan Aramaic we find the gentilic suffixes -’Cā:y, -’Cā: and -Cāʔi. Originally these suffixes signified different grammatical categories, but eventually they became interchangeable. This article examines all the forms with a gentilic suffix that are documented in the oral tradition of Samaritan Aramaic along with additional data derived from the manuscripts. It is suggested that fluctuations in state and number among these forms arose due to the phonetic resemblance between the various suffixes as well as due to the identical spelling of the suffixes -’Cā:y and -Cāʔi. It is shown that the manuscripts preserve traces of a more ancient stage of the use of gentilic suffixes and that most of the lexemes with the suffix are characterised by fossilised inflection. Thus, it is suggested that the fluctuations emerged during a later period, after Samaritan Aramaic was no longer spoken.

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: May 24, 2019

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