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Composition of Targums after the Decline of Aramaic as a Spoken Language

Composition of Targums after the Decline of Aramaic as a Spoken Language The eighth century is the latest many scholars feel comfortable with for the use of Aramaic as a living language, before it was supplanted by Arabic. Therefore, clearly late Targums were usually dated circa the eighth century. However, persuasive arguments have been made in the past generation for a later dating regarding some Targums. This justifies a re-evaluation of the assumption that an Aramaic speaking environment is necessary for the continued composition of Targums. This article offers a possible Sitz im Leben for Targum composition after the decline of Aramaic as a spoken language throughout most of the Jewish world. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aramaic Studies Brill

Composition of Targums after the Decline of Aramaic as a Spoken Language

Aramaic Studies , Volume 12 (1): 1 – Jan 1, 2014

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.
ISSN
1477-8351
eISSN
1745-5227
DOI
10.1163/17455227-01201004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The eighth century is the latest many scholars feel comfortable with for the use of Aramaic as a living language, before it was supplanted by Arabic. Therefore, clearly late Targums were usually dated circa the eighth century. However, persuasive arguments have been made in the past generation for a later dating regarding some Targums. This justifies a re-evaluation of the assumption that an Aramaic speaking environment is necessary for the continued composition of Targums. This article offers a possible Sitz im Leben for Targum composition after the decline of Aramaic as a spoken language throughout most of the Jewish world.

Journal

Aramaic StudiesBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2014

Keywords: Late Aramaic; Pseudo-Jonathan; Targum Chronicles

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