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Rural Women, Gender Ideologies, and Industrialization in State Socialism: The Case of a Polish Factory in the 1950s

Rural Women, Gender Ideologies, and Industrialization in State Socialism: The Case of a Polish... general articles Rural Women, Gender Ideologies, and Industrialization in State Socialism The Case of a Polish Factory in the 1950s Natalia Jarska ABSTRACT This article focuses on gender relations and industrialization in the Stalinist and post-Stalinist period in Poland. Taking the example of a newly built metal factory in Kraśnik and its female workers, it shows the importance of local conditions for the pro- cess of the “productivization” of women. The article argues that in rural areas the ac- cess of women to the factory generated less confl ict than in the urban milieu. The plant employed a great number of female workers in nearly every position—not as a result of any special “productivization” policy, but because women sought to work there. Women in Kraśnik did not see a confl ict between their identities as women and wage work, including that in occupations traditionally dominated by men. In the course of de-Stalinization, the gender division of work became more important in shaping the employment policy of the factory. This article demonstrates how gender ideologies specifi c to peasant and workers’ culture interacted in the process of industrialization. KEYWORDS: gender division of work, gender ideologies, industrialization, metal factory, Poland, rural http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aspasia Berghahn Books

Rural Women, Gender Ideologies, and Industrialization in State Socialism: The Case of a Polish Factory in the 1950s

Aspasia , Volume 9 (1): 22 – Mar 1, 2015

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Publisher
Berghahn Books
Copyright
© 2022 Berghahn Books
ISSN
1933-2882
eISSN
1933-2890
DOI
10.3167/asp.2015.090105
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

general articles Rural Women, Gender Ideologies, and Industrialization in State Socialism The Case of a Polish Factory in the 1950s Natalia Jarska ABSTRACT This article focuses on gender relations and industrialization in the Stalinist and post-Stalinist period in Poland. Taking the example of a newly built metal factory in Kraśnik and its female workers, it shows the importance of local conditions for the pro- cess of the “productivization” of women. The article argues that in rural areas the ac- cess of women to the factory generated less confl ict than in the urban milieu. The plant employed a great number of female workers in nearly every position—not as a result of any special “productivization” policy, but because women sought to work there. Women in Kraśnik did not see a confl ict between their identities as women and wage work, including that in occupations traditionally dominated by men. In the course of de-Stalinization, the gender division of work became more important in shaping the employment policy of the factory. This article demonstrates how gender ideologies specifi c to peasant and workers’ culture interacted in the process of industrialization. KEYWORDS: gender division of work, gender ideologies, industrialization, metal factory, Poland, rural

Journal

AspasiaBerghahn Books

Published: Mar 1, 2015

Keywords: gender division of work; gender ideologies; industrialization; metal factory; Poland; rural women; Stalinism

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