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Between Liberal and Republican Citizenship: Feminism and Nationalism in Romania, 1880-1918

Between Liberal and Republican Citizenship: Feminism and Nationalism in Romania, 1880-1918 This essay explores feminism’s relations with nationalism and liberalism by examining specifically how feminists in late-nineteenth-century Romania understood citizenship and how they articulated views about women’s empowerment starting from specific assumptions about individual rights and responsibilities in the community (as regulated by the state through citizenship). This perspective enables me to explain the eagerness of many feminist activists to work within the dominant paternalist/patriarchal context not as a paradox, but rather as an outgrowth of locally grounded, powerful contexts that worked together to afford specific choices to women struggling against patriarchy. In the case I discuss below feminists understood women’s empowerment in terms of validating and increasing women’s civic duties and responsibilities, rather than struggling for individual rights. These arguments built upon a well-established, albeit not clearly articulated, concept of republican citizenship, and reconstructed it most often in the language of nationalism (frequently ethno-nationalism), which had wide currency in Romania in the late nineteenth century. KEYWORDS: Feminism, Nationalism, Citizenship, Romania, Liberalism, Nineteenth Century Nationalism, citizenship, feminism—these are all broad, important concepts that played a formative role in the development of modern European societies and cultures. How all three related to each other differed through time and space. While http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aspasia Berghahn Books

Between Liberal and Republican Citizenship: Feminism and Nationalism in Romania, 1880-1918

Aspasia , Volume 1 (1) – Mar 1, 2007

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Publisher
Berghahn Books
Copyright
© 2022 Berghahn Books
ISSN
1933-2882
eISSN
1933-2890
DOI
10.3167/asp.2007.010105
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This essay explores feminism’s relations with nationalism and liberalism by examining specifically how feminists in late-nineteenth-century Romania understood citizenship and how they articulated views about women’s empowerment starting from specific assumptions about individual rights and responsibilities in the community (as regulated by the state through citizenship). This perspective enables me to explain the eagerness of many feminist activists to work within the dominant paternalist/patriarchal context not as a paradox, but rather as an outgrowth of locally grounded, powerful contexts that worked together to afford specific choices to women struggling against patriarchy. In the case I discuss below feminists understood women’s empowerment in terms of validating and increasing women’s civic duties and responsibilities, rather than struggling for individual rights. These arguments built upon a well-established, albeit not clearly articulated, concept of republican citizenship, and reconstructed it most often in the language of nationalism (frequently ethno-nationalism), which had wide currency in Romania in the late nineteenth century. KEYWORDS: Feminism, Nationalism, Citizenship, Romania, Liberalism, Nineteenth Century Nationalism, citizenship, feminism—these are all broad, important concepts that played a formative role in the development of modern European societies and cultures. How all three related to each other differed through time and space. While

Journal

AspasiaBerghahn Books

Published: Mar 1, 2007

Keywords: citizenship; feminism; liberalism; nationalism; nineteenth century; Romania

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