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See You See Me: The Role of Eye Contact in Multimodal Human-Robot Interaction

See You See Me: The Role of Eye Contact in Multimodal Human-Robot Interaction See You See Me: The Role of Eye Contact in Multimodal Human-Robot Interaction TIAN (LINGER) XU, Indiana University at Bloomington HUI ZHANG, University of Louisville CHEN YU, Indiana University at Bloomington We focus on a fundamental looking behavior in human-robot interactions--gazing at each other's face. Eye contact and mutual gaze between two social partners are critical in smooth human-human interactions. Therefore, investigating at what moments and in what ways a robot should look at a human user's face as a response to the human's gaze behavior is an important topic. Toward this goal, we developed a gazecontingent human-robot interaction system, which relied on momentary gaze behaviors from a human user to control an interacting robot in real time. Using this system, we conducted an experiment in which human participants interacted with the robot in a joint-attention task. In the experiment, we systematically manipulated the robot's gaze toward the human partner's face in real time and then analyzed the human's gaze behavior as a response to the robot's gaze behavior. We found that more face looks from the robot led to more look-backs (to the robot's face) from human participants, and consequently, created more mutual gaze and eye contact http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS) Association for Computing Machinery

See You See Me: The Role of Eye Contact in Multimodal Human-Robot Interaction

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Publisher
Association for Computing Machinery
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by ACM Inc.
ISSN
2160-6455
DOI
10.1145/2882970
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

See You See Me: The Role of Eye Contact in Multimodal Human-Robot Interaction TIAN (LINGER) XU, Indiana University at Bloomington HUI ZHANG, University of Louisville CHEN YU, Indiana University at Bloomington We focus on a fundamental looking behavior in human-robot interactions--gazing at each other's face. Eye contact and mutual gaze between two social partners are critical in smooth human-human interactions. Therefore, investigating at what moments and in what ways a robot should look at a human user's face as a response to the human's gaze behavior is an important topic. Toward this goal, we developed a gazecontingent human-robot interaction system, which relied on momentary gaze behaviors from a human user to control an interacting robot in real time. Using this system, we conducted an experiment in which human participants interacted with the robot in a joint-attention task. In the experiment, we systematically manipulated the robot's gaze toward the human partner's face in real time and then analyzed the human's gaze behavior as a response to the robot's gaze behavior. We found that more face looks from the robot led to more look-backs (to the robot's face) from human participants, and consequently, created more mutual gaze and eye contact

Journal

ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)Association for Computing Machinery

Published: May 5, 2016

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