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Object-Oriented Design and Programming: An Investigation of Novices’ Conceptions on Objects and Classes

Object-Oriented Design and Programming: An Investigation of Novices’ Conceptions on Objects and... Object-Oriented Design and Programming: An Investigation of Novices' Conceptions on Objects and Classes STELIOS XINOGALOS, University of Macedonia The Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) technique is nowadays the most popular programming technique among tertiary education institutions. However, learning OOP is a cognitively demanding task for undergraduate students. Several difficulties and misconceptions have been recorded in the literature for both OOP concepts and languages, mainly Java. This article focuses on reviewing and advancing research on the most fundamental OOP concepts, namely, the concepts of "object" and "class" and their role during program execution. The results of a long-term investigation on the subject are presented, focusing on a study exploring undergraduate students' conceptions on "objects" and "classes." The study advances related research on categories of conceptions on "objects" and "classes" by providing quantitative results, in addition to qualitative results, regarding the frequency of the recorded conceptions. Nearly half the students seem to comprehend the modeling and static/dynamic aspects of the concepts "object" and "class." Implications for achieving a deep conceptual understanding of text, action, and modeling aspects of these fundamental concepts are also discussed. Information regarding the programming environments utilized in the course and key features of the applied teaching approach are http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE) Association for Computing Machinery

Object-Oriented Design and Programming: An Investigation of Novices’ Conceptions on Objects and Classes

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Publisher
Association for Computing Machinery
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by ACM Inc.
ISSN
1946-6226
DOI
10.1145/2700519
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Object-Oriented Design and Programming: An Investigation of Novices' Conceptions on Objects and Classes STELIOS XINOGALOS, University of Macedonia The Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) technique is nowadays the most popular programming technique among tertiary education institutions. However, learning OOP is a cognitively demanding task for undergraduate students. Several difficulties and misconceptions have been recorded in the literature for both OOP concepts and languages, mainly Java. This article focuses on reviewing and advancing research on the most fundamental OOP concepts, namely, the concepts of "object" and "class" and their role during program execution. The results of a long-term investigation on the subject are presented, focusing on a study exploring undergraduate students' conceptions on "objects" and "classes." The study advances related research on categories of conceptions on "objects" and "classes" by providing quantitative results, in addition to qualitative results, regarding the frequency of the recorded conceptions. Nearly half the students seem to comprehend the modeling and static/dynamic aspects of the concepts "object" and "class." Implications for achieving a deep conceptual understanding of text, action, and modeling aspects of these fundamental concepts are also discussed. Information regarding the programming environments utilized in the course and key features of the applied teaching approach are

Journal

ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)Association for Computing Machinery

Published: Jul 28, 2015

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