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The Role of Autophagy in Cancer

The Role of Autophagy in Cancer Autophagy is a highly conserved and regulated process that targets proteins and damaged organelles for lysosomal degradation to maintain cell metabolism, genomic integrity, and cell survival. The role of autophagy in cancer is dynamic and depends, in part, on tumor type and stage. Although autophagy constrains tumor initiation in normal tissue, some tumors rely on autophagy for tumor promotion and maintenance. Studies in genetically engineered mouse models support the idea that autophagy can constrain tumor initiation by regulating DNA damage and oxidative stress. In established tumors, autophagy can also be required for tumor maintenance, allowing tumors to survive environmental stress and providing intermediates for cell metabolism. Autophagy can also be induced in response to chemotherapeutics, acting as a drug-resistance mechanism. Therefore, targeting autophagy is an attractive cancer therapeutic option currently undergoing validation in clinical trials. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Cancer Biology Annual Reviews

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
ISSN
2472-3428
eISSN
2472-3428
DOI
10.1146/annurev-cancerbio-041816-122338
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Autophagy is a highly conserved and regulated process that targets proteins and damaged organelles for lysosomal degradation to maintain cell metabolism, genomic integrity, and cell survival. The role of autophagy in cancer is dynamic and depends, in part, on tumor type and stage. Although autophagy constrains tumor initiation in normal tissue, some tumors rely on autophagy for tumor promotion and maintenance. Studies in genetically engineered mouse models support the idea that autophagy can constrain tumor initiation by regulating DNA damage and oxidative stress. In established tumors, autophagy can also be required for tumor maintenance, allowing tumors to survive environmental stress and providing intermediates for cell metabolism. Autophagy can also be induced in response to chemotherapeutics, acting as a drug-resistance mechanism. Therefore, targeting autophagy is an attractive cancer therapeutic option currently undergoing validation in clinical trials.

Journal

Annual Review of Cancer BiologyAnnual Reviews

Published: Mar 6, 2017

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