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Why Learning Opportunities From Aviation Incidents Are Lacking

Why Learning Opportunities From Aviation Incidents Are Lacking The rising trend of fatal aircraft accidents since 2018suggests a limited safety capability of airlines in terms of learning fromincidents (LFI). We evaluated 2,208 voluntary incident reports from commercialEuropean pilots using qualitatively driven mixed methods to investigate LFI“bottlenecks.” The results showed that the report frequencydepends on the type of pilots’ active failure causing the incident(performance-based errors, judgment and decision-making errors andviolations). Learning opportunities were lacking, especially for incidentscaused by pilots’ inadequate decision-making. Confidential reporting haspositive effects on LFI, as these reports contained more information aboutlatent failures. Furthermore, we identified several latent failures that arerisk factors for certain unsafe acts. Our results may support airlines invarious LFI activities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors American Psychological Association

Why Learning Opportunities From Aviation Incidents Are Lacking

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s)
ISSN
2192-0923
eISSN
2192-0931
DOI
10.1027/2192-0923/a000204
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The rising trend of fatal aircraft accidents since 2018suggests a limited safety capability of airlines in terms of learning fromincidents (LFI). We evaluated 2,208 voluntary incident reports from commercialEuropean pilots using qualitatively driven mixed methods to investigate LFI“bottlenecks.” The results showed that the report frequencydepends on the type of pilots’ active failure causing the incident(performance-based errors, judgment and decision-making errors andviolations). Learning opportunities were lacking, especially for incidentscaused by pilots’ inadequate decision-making. Confidential reporting haspositive effects on LFI, as these reports contained more information aboutlatent failures. Furthermore, we identified several latent failures that arerisk factors for certain unsafe acts. Our results may support airlines invarious LFI activities.

Journal

Aviation Psychology and Applied Human FactorsAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 2021

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