The effect of mood on performance in everyday situationsis widely studied and the results commonly reveal a mood-congruencerelationship. However, little is known about the effect of mood on performancein nonnormal situations such as those experienced during an unscheduled event.This study investigated whether induced mood (positive or negative) influencedperformance during an unscheduled aircraft evacuation. Forty-five participants(15 female), with an average age of 21.90 (SD = 3.96) years,were randomly exposed to either positive or negative mood facilitation.Following this, all participants watched the same preflight safety video, andthen had to conduct an unscheduled evacuation following a simulated waterditching. Participants exposed to a positive mood manipulator were found tocommit fewer errors during the evacuation exercise and completed the evacuationin less than half of the time taken by participants who were exposed to anegative mood manipulator. In safety-critical environments such as aviation,these results highlight the advantages of creating an atmosphere or environmentthat induces positive moods.
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors – American Psychological Association
Published: Jan 1, 2016