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The Effect of Mood on Performance in a Nonnormal Situation

The Effect of Mood on Performance in a Nonnormal Situation The effect of mood on performance in everyday situationsis widely studied and the results commonly reveal a mood-congruencerelationship. However, little is known about the effect of mood on performancein nonnormal situations such as those experienced during an unscheduled event.This study investigated whether induced mood (positive or negative) influencedperformance during an unscheduled aircraft evacuation. Forty-five participants(15 female), with an average age of 21.90 (SD = 3.96) years,were randomly exposed to either positive or negative mood facilitation.Following this, all participants watched the same preflight safety video, andthen had to conduct an unscheduled evacuation following a simulated waterditching. Participants exposed to a positive mood manipulator were found tocommit fewer errors during the evacuation exercise and completed the evacuationin less than half of the time taken by participants who were exposed to anegative mood manipulator. In safety-critical environments such as aviation,these results highlight the advantages of creating an atmosphere or environmentthat induces positive moods. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors American Psychological Association

The Effect of Mood on Performance in a Nonnormal Situation

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Hogrefe Publishing
ISSN
2192-0923
eISSN
2192-0931
DOI
10.1027/2192-0923/a000090
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effect of mood on performance in everyday situationsis widely studied and the results commonly reveal a mood-congruencerelationship. However, little is known about the effect of mood on performancein nonnormal situations such as those experienced during an unscheduled event.This study investigated whether induced mood (positive or negative) influencedperformance during an unscheduled aircraft evacuation. Forty-five participants(15 female), with an average age of 21.90 (SD = 3.96) years,were randomly exposed to either positive or negative mood facilitation.Following this, all participants watched the same preflight safety video, andthen had to conduct an unscheduled evacuation following a simulated waterditching. Participants exposed to a positive mood manipulator were found tocommit fewer errors during the evacuation exercise and completed the evacuationin less than half of the time taken by participants who were exposed to anegative mood manipulator. In safety-critical environments such as aviation,these results highlight the advantages of creating an atmosphere or environmentthat induces positive moods.

Journal

Aviation Psychology and Applied Human FactorsAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 2016

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