The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) databasewas searched to identify fatal accidents in aviation related to trauma andstressor-related disorders in the United States and the medical requirements ofaviation authorities were assessed. Between 2000 and 2015, eight pilots with adiagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; of which two wereaviation-related PTSDs) died in aviation accidents. These results indicate aminimum frequency of history of diagnosed PTSD in aviation fatalities to be 8out of 4,862 fatal accidents (0.16%) in the United States. The guidance fromaviation regulatory authorities is to medically assess pilots with a priorhistory of PTSD based on individual functional impairment and treatmentresponse. The assessment of individual impairment would be significantlyimproved by the systematic data collection following aviation- and work-relatedtraumatic events. It is also important for investigators to recognize thetraumatization that occurs in aviation accident and incident investigations.
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors – American Psychological Association
Published: Jan 1, 2018