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Pilot Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Fatal Aviation Accidents

Pilot Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Fatal Aviation Accidents The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) databasewas searched to identify fatal accidents in aviation related to trauma andstressor-related disorders in the United States and the medical requirements ofaviation authorities were assessed. Between 2000 and 2015, eight pilots with adiagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; of which two wereaviation-related PTSDs) died in aviation accidents. These results indicate aminimum frequency of history of diagnosed PTSD in aviation fatalities to be 8out of 4,862 fatal accidents (0.16%) in the United States. The guidance fromaviation regulatory authorities is to medically assess pilots with a priorhistory of PTSD based on individual functional impairment and treatmentresponse. The assessment of individual impairment would be significantlyimproved by the systematic data collection following aviation- and work-relatedtraumatic events. It is also important for investigators to recognize thetraumatization that occurs in aviation accident and incident investigations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors American Psychological Association

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Hogrefe Publishing
ISSN
2192-0923
eISSN
2192-0931
DOI
10.1027/2192-0923/a000144
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) databasewas searched to identify fatal accidents in aviation related to trauma andstressor-related disorders in the United States and the medical requirements ofaviation authorities were assessed. Between 2000 and 2015, eight pilots with adiagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; of which two wereaviation-related PTSDs) died in aviation accidents. These results indicate aminimum frequency of history of diagnosed PTSD in aviation fatalities to be 8out of 4,862 fatal accidents (0.16%) in the United States. The guidance fromaviation regulatory authorities is to medically assess pilots with a priorhistory of PTSD based on individual functional impairment and treatmentresponse. The assessment of individual impairment would be significantlyimproved by the systematic data collection following aviation- and work-relatedtraumatic events. It is also important for investigators to recognize thetraumatization that occurs in aviation accident and incident investigations.

Journal

Aviation Psychology and Applied Human FactorsAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 2018

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