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Investigating Flight Crew Recovery Capabilities Regarding System Failures in Highly Automated Fourth Generation Aircraft

Investigating Flight Crew Recovery Capabilities Regarding System Failures in Highly Automated... This project aimed to understand rapid crew transitionsfrom a monitoring to a decision-making role, when asserting manual control ofaircraft subsystems. Ten crews unknowingly flew a semicritical failure scenarioin a full flight simulator, forcing several crew decision moments. Observationsof automation-related (diagnostic) behavior were correlated with respectiveflight performance, revealing that specific competencies (related to knowledge,procedures, attitude toward automation, and teamwork) with automated systems ledto significant performance gains. More importantly, the absence of thesebehaviors severely deteriorated performance and should not be underestimated inits potency to affect flight safety. These findings may form a foundation fordeveloping and evaluating near-future innovations in training, operations, andautomation design, which could prove critical toward improving future accidentrates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors American Psychological Association

Investigating Flight Crew Recovery Capabilities Regarding System Failures in Highly Automated Fourth Generation Aircraft

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Hogrefe Publishing
ISSN
2192-0923
eISSN
2192-0931
DOI
10.1027/2192-0923/a000079
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This project aimed to understand rapid crew transitionsfrom a monitoring to a decision-making role, when asserting manual control ofaircraft subsystems. Ten crews unknowingly flew a semicritical failure scenarioin a full flight simulator, forcing several crew decision moments. Observationsof automation-related (diagnostic) behavior were correlated with respectiveflight performance, revealing that specific competencies (related to knowledge,procedures, attitude toward automation, and teamwork) with automated systems ledto significant performance gains. More importantly, the absence of thesebehaviors severely deteriorated performance and should not be underestimated inits potency to affect flight safety. These findings may form a foundation fordeveloping and evaluating near-future innovations in training, operations, andautomation design, which could prove critical toward improving future accidentrates.

Journal

Aviation Psychology and Applied Human FactorsAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 2015

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