The Temperament Structure Scales (TSS) are used in theselection of pilots, air traffic controllers, and astronauts at the GermanAerospace Center (DLR). As there is evidence for the predictive validity of theTSS, its relationship with the popular Big Five factors as indicators ofconstruct validity is investigated. Two samples comprising either Europeanastronaut candidates (N = 902) or German pilotcandidates (N = 249) were used. Analyses showconsistent commonalities of several TSS scales with four Big Five factors(Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness). The TSS covermost of the broad Big Five factors and additionally provide a more detailed andsuitable profile with unique constructs for the selection of aerospacepersonnel. The TSS are thus recommended for use without additional personalityinventories that measure the broad Big Five factors only.
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors – American Psychological Association
Published: Jan 1, 2016