A 28-year (1982–2009) retrospective investigation was carried out for3,102 fixed-wing agricultural aircraft involved in the aerial application (Part137) of pesticides or fertilizers (crop dusting). In total,64% of the pilots remained uninjured, while 10% of accidents werefatal. This type of aviation is unique as proportionally more accidents occurredduring the maneuvering / aerial application and landing phases, involvinglow-altitude crashes. Collision with poorly visible obstacles in the landscapewas involved in 27% of the crashes. These accidents were more likely toinvolve fatalities, occurred predominantly during maneuvering at the applicationsite, and were often attributed to human error (inappropriate visual lookout andclearance). Recommendations discussed include markings on objects that mayimprove low-altitude navigation.
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors – American Psychological Association
Published: Mar 14, 2014